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Table 1 Awareness of folic acid by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in Ifakara, 2017 (N = 698)

From: Awareness and factors associated with reported intake of folic acid-fortified flour among women of reproductive age in Ifakara, Morogoro region, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Awareness of folic acidP value
CharacteristicNoYescOR (95%CI)
n (%)n (%)
Age group
 18–24178 (91.3)17 (8.7)Ref0.49*
 25–35254 (93.7)17 (6.3)0.70 (0.35–1.41)
 36–49218 (93.9)14 (6.0)0.67 (0.32–1.40)
Education
 Primary or less534 (94.7)30 (5.3)Ref0.003*a
 Secondary or more116 (86.6)18 (13.4)2.49 (1.33–4.69)
Marital status
 Married/ Cohabiting388 (92.4)32 (7.6)Ref0.41^
 Divorced/separated/Widowed85 (96.6)3 (3.4)0.43 (0.13–1.44)
 Single177 (93.2)13 (6.8)0.89 (0.46–1.74)
Occupation
 1185 (93.9)12 (6.1)0.84 (0.43–1.65)0.61*
 2465 (92.8)36 (7.2)Ref
Income/month
  < 150,000 Tshs114 (94.2)7 (5.8)Ref0.67*
 150,000+ Tshs444 (93.1)33 (6.9)1.21 (0.52–2.81)
Household size
  < 5312 (93.7)21 (6.3)Ref0.57*
  ≥ 5338 (92.6)27 (6.4)1.19 (0.66–2.14)
Parity
 0100 (92.6)8 (7.4)1.70 (0.49–5.87)0.72^
 1–4465 (92.8)36 (7.2)1.65 (0.57–4.75)
 5+85 (95.5)4 (4.5)Ref
  1. Missing values for income
  2. cOR Crude odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  3. Occupation: 1 = Employed (including Self-employed/business), 2 = Unemployed (including Peasant/Maid/housewife/student, Tshs = Tanzanian shillings
  4. * Pearson chi square test ^Fisher exact test aStatistically significant