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Table 2 Awareness of existence of folic acid fortified flour in community by -demographic and economic characteristics in Ifakara, 2017 (N = 698)

From: Awareness and factors associated with reported intake of folic acid-fortified flour among women of reproductive age in Ifakara, Morogoro region, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Awareness of folic acid fortified flour existence
CharacteristicNoYescOR (95% CI)P value
n (%)n (%)
Age group
 18–24178 (91.3)17 (8.7)Ref0.56*
 25–35250 (92.3)21 (7.8)0.88 (0.45–1.72)
 36–49218 (93.9)14 (6.0)0.67 (0.32–1.40)
Education
 Primary or less526 (93.3)38 (6.7)Ref0.14*
 Secondary or more120 (89.5)14 (10.5)1.61 (0.84–3.08)
Marital status
 Married/ Cohabiting391 (93.1)29 (6.9)Ref0.79*
 Divorced/separated/ Widowed81 (92.1)7 (7.9)1.66 (0.49–2.75)
 Single174 (91.6)16 (8.4)1.24 (0.66–2.34)
Occupation
 1181 (91.9)16 (8.1)1.14 (0.62–2.11)0.67*
 2465 (92.8)36 (7.2)Ref
Income per month
  < 150,000 Tshs108 (89.3)13 (10.7)Ref0.16*
 150,000+ Tshs444 (93.1)33 (6.9)0.62 (0.31–1.22)
Household size
  < 5305 (91.6)28 (8.4)Ref0.36*
  ≥ 5341 (93.4)24 (6.6)0.77 (0.43–1.35)
Parity
 0102 (94.4)6 (5.6)0.81 (0.25–2.63)0.66*
 1–4461 (92.0)40 (7.9)1.20 (0.49–2.92)
 5+83 (93.3)6 (6.7)Ref
  1. Missing values for income
  2. cOR Crude odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  3. Occupation: 1 = Employed (including Self-employed/business), 2 = Unemployed (including Peasant/Maid/housewife/student, Tshs = Tanzanian shillings
  4. * Pearson chi square test