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Table 3 Factors associated with reported intake of folic acid fortified flour in Ifakara, 2017

From: Awareness and factors associated with reported intake of folic acid-fortified flour among women of reproductive age in Ifakara, Morogoro region, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Intake of fortified flour
Characteristicsn (%)cOR (95% CI)aOR(95% CI)a
Age group
 18–24129 (66.2)Ref
 25–35169 (62.4)0.85 (0.58–1.25)1.05 (0.72–1.52)
 36–49144 (62.1)0.84 (0.56–1.25)1.23 (0.72–2.11)
Education
 Primary or less342 (60.6)Ref
 Secondary or more100 (74.6)1.82 (1.19–2.78)1.46 (0.89–2.37)
Marital status
 Married/ Cohabiting261 (62.1)Ref
 Divorced/separated/ Widowed51 (57.9)0.84 (0.53–1.34)0.86 (0.43–1.72)
 Single130 (68.4)1.32 (0.92–1.90)1.07 (0.71–1.60)
Occupation
 Employed146 (74.1)1.98 (1.37–2.87)1.91 (1.19–3.06)b
 Unemployed296 (59.1)Ref
Household size
  < 5203 (60.9)Ref
  ≥ 5239 (65.5)1.21 (0.89–1.65)1.32 (0.98–1.78)
Parity
 077 (71.3)2.66 (1.45–4.88)2.59 (1.36–4.95)b
 1–4322 (64.3)1.92 (1.22–3.04)1.98 (1.17–3.33)a
 5+43 (48.3)Ref
Aware (heard) of folic acid
 Yes39 (81.3)2.66 (1.26–5.60)2.53 (1.30–4.92)b
 No403 (62)Ref
Aware (heard) of fortified flour
 Yes37 (71.2)1.47 (0.79–2.73)
 No405 (62.7)  
  1. a: p = 0.01, b: p < 0.01
  2. aOR adjusted odds ratio; CI confidence interval, cOR crude odds ratio;
  3. aadjusted for age, education, marital status, occupation, household size, parity, heard of folic acid and heard of fortified flour