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Table 3 Caregivers’ statements and data collectors’ naturalistic observations on hygiene practices (n = 1665)

From: Infant and young child nutritional status and their caregivers’ feeding knowledge and hygiene practices in internally displaced person camps, Somalia

Hygiene practicesBaidoa
(n = 946)
Dharkenley
(n = 573)
Dayniile
(n = 136)
Caregivers’ statementsn(%)n(%)n(%)
 No treatment for drinking water203 (21.5)151 (26.4)74 (54.4)
 Drinking water treated with boiling231 (24.4)299 (52.2)58 (42.6)
 Drinking water treated with tablets512 (54.1)123 (21.5)4 (2.9)
 Adult family members wash hands with soap before a mealNever148 (15.6)117 (20.4)22 (16.2)
Sometimes460 (48.6)416 (72.6)113 (83.1)
Always338 (35.7)40 (7.0)1 (0.7)
 Children wash hands with soap before a mealNever225 (23.8)103 (18.0)22 (16.2)
Sometimes586 (61.9)366 (63.9)113 (83.1)
Always135 (14.3)104 (18.2)1 (0.7)
 Adult family members wash hands with soap after defecationNever192 (20.3)61 (10.6)12 (8.8)
Sometimes476 (50.3)379 (66.1)116 (85.3)
Always278 (29.4)133 (23.2)8 (5.9)
 Children wash hands with soap after defecationNever232 (24.5)67 (11.7)33 (24.3)
Sometimes600 (63.4)384 (67.0)99 (72.8)
Always114 (12.1)122 (21.3)4 (2.9)
Naturalistic observationsn(%)n(%)n(%)
 Caregiver’s hands are clean381 (40.3)258 (45.0)1 (0.7)
 Caregiver’s clothes are clean349 (36.9)292 (51.0)23 (16.9)
 Interior of house looks swept501 (53.0)268 (45.9)85 (62.5)
 Drinking container is covered602 (63.0)321 (56.0)50 (36.8)
 Human faeces observed around the house434 (45.9)89 (15.5)47 (34.6)
 Animal droppings observed around the house485 (51.3)142 (24.8)68 (50.0)
 Household waste observed around the house488 (51.6)171 (29.8)92 (67.6)