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Table 2 Baseline & follow up biochemical nutritional and inflammatory markers for patients diagnosed with low muscle mass compared with those with normal muscle mass

From: Associations between low muscle mass, blood-borne nutritional status and mental health in older patients

Nutritional variableBaseline mean (SD) 6 weeks 6 months 
Low muscle mass (n = 42)Normal muscle mass
(n = 360)
Low muscle mass (n = 15)Normal muscle mass (n = 154)Low muscle mass (n = 9)Normal muscle mass (n = 151)
C-reactive protein (mg/L)51 (59)52 (74)7 (6)12 (26)13 (15)11 (20)
Albumin (g/L) +35.5 (5)38.1 (5) *39.6 (4)40.8 (3)40 (5)41 (3)
Red cell folate (nmol/L)144 (48)195 (108) *160 (45)227 (117) *187 (9)215 (155)
Riboflavin, EGRAC+1.279 (0.13)1.310 (0.18)1.278 (.15)1.273 (.2)1.250 (.2)1.276 (.14)
Vitamin B12 (pmol/L)377 (216)390 (317)506 (500)361 (256)444 (246)340 (239)
Ascorbic acid (μmol/L)17 (20)24 (21)18 (13)35 (23) *47 (56)30 (26)
α-tocopherol (μmol/L)25 (6)25 (7)29 (6)27 (7)29 (7)26 (8)
Carotene (umol/L)0.275 (.3).257 (.2).230 (.08).279 (.19)272 (.17).262 (.15)
Retinol (umol/L)1.16 (.5)1.22 (.5)1.69 (.5)1.36 (.4) *1.41 (.7)1.36 (.5)
Lycopene (umol/L).121 (.09).158 (.1).108 (.06).154 (.1) *.119 (.1).151 (.1)
Zinc (ng/ml)571 (127)629 (148) *605 (110)684 (150) *665 (150)644 (138)
Copper (ng/ml)1110 (190)1062 (230)1120 (241)1045 (246)1036 (157)956 (211)
Selenium (ng/ml)63 (18)68 (22)68 (28)83 (28)84 (30)74 (20)
  1. * + p value < 0.05 for cumulative between (+) and within group (*) differences at baseline or at 6 weeks, + EGRAC = Erythrocyte Glutathione Reductase Activity Coefficient (EGRAC > 1.3 indicates riboflavin biochemical deficiency)