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Table 1 Descriptive summary of 15 studies on the proportion of undernutrition among HIV positive Adults in Ethiopia included for meta-analysis, 2006–2016

From: Undernutrition among Ethiopian adults living with HIV: a meta-analysis

Study settingstudy yearStudy DesignAgeResponse rate (%)EventSample Size (N)Some potential biases in their methods
Humera Hospital2012Cross-sectional≥20100159376Source population and study population were not defined, outcome variable was not defined, and model fitness was not checked.
Dembia District Health Centers2015Cross-sectional≥18100105452Multicollinearity was not assessed and pretest was not done.
University of Gondar Referral Hospital2007Cross-sectional≥1599.792331Multicollinearity and model fitness were not assessed.
University of Gondar Referral Hospital2016Cross-sectional≥1899.458319Training for data collectors was not given and Multicollinearity was not assessed.
Mettema Hospital2013Cross-sectional≥1899.5131378Multicollinearity was not assessed.
Bahir Dar Referral Hospital2009Cross-sectional≥18100104408Standardized tool was not used, outcome variable was not defined, multicollinearity was not assessed and model fitness was not checked.
Addis Ababa2006Cross-sectional≥18100128153Relatively has small sample size, confounders were not controlled in the statistical analysis, standardized tool was not used, pretest was not done, and training for data collection was not given.
Jimma University specialized Hospital2014Cross-sectional≥1895.651109Relatively has small sample size, non-probable sampling technique was employed to select study participants, training for data collectors was not given, and model fitness and multicollinearity were not assessed.
Jimma University specialized Hospital2009Cross-sectional≥1810063319Training for data collectors was not given, model fitness was not assessed, outcome variable was not defined, and multicollinearity was not assessed.
Nekemte Referral Hospital2013Cross-sectional≥15100115423The study population and source population were not clearly defined, outcome variable was not defined, and training for data collectors was not given.
Dilla University Referral Hospital2012Cross-sectional≥1810064520Inclusion and exclusion criteria were not mentioned, pretest was not done, training for data collectors was not given, and model fitness and multicollinearity were not assessed.
Butajira Hospital2014Cross-sectional≥1810077305Outcome variable was not defined.
Health Facilities of Hosana Town2014Cross-sectional≥1897.1103330Model fitness and multicollinearity were not assessed.
In Hawassa Health Institutions2014Cross-sectional20–5099.4119719Population who are not willing to participate were excluded from the study, pregnant women were included in the study and assessed using BMI this will result bias results, and model fitness and multicollinearity were not assessed.
Wolaita Sodo Teaching and Referral Hospital2016Cross-sectional≥1896.3133500Exclusion criteria was not mentioned, and model fitness and multicollinearity were not assessed.