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Table 3 Community and weight status by physical activity category

From: The association between dietary consumption, anthropometric measures and body composition of rural and urban Ghanaian adults: a comparative cross-sectional study

VariableTotalNot meeting WHO recommendation
n(%)
Meeting WHO recommendation
n(%)
P-value
BMI
 Underweight9 (1.7)5 (1.9)4 (1.5) 
 Normal237 (43.9)95 (35.8)142 (51.6)0.003
 Overweight167 (30.9)91 (34.3)76 (27.6) 
 Obese127 (23.5)74 (27.9)53 (19.3) 
Visceral fat
 Normal419 (78.5)187 (71.6)232 (85.0)< 0.001
 Obese115 (21.5)74 (28.4)41 (15.0) 
Body fat
 Underweight46 (8.6)17 (6.5)29 (10.6) 
 Normal192 (35.9)81 (31.0)111 (40.5)0.007
 Overweight125 (23.4)63 (24.1)62 (22.6) 
 Obese172 (32.1)100 (38.3)72 (26.3) 
Waist circumference
 Normal166 (33.3)62 (25.8)104 (40.2) 
 Overweight104 (20.8)48 (20.0)56 (21.6)0.001
 Obese229 (45.9)130 (54.2)99 (38.2) 
Community
 Rural280 (51.1)115 (42.6)165 (59.4)< 0.001
 Urban268 (48.9)155 (57.5)113 (40.6) 
Gender
 Male111 (20.4)43 (16.0)68 (24.8)0.010
 Female447 (79.8)226 (84.0)211 (75.6) 
  1. WHO recommendation is equivalent to 600 or more of Metabolic equivalents per week. Chi-square test was used to find differences by community and gender. Fisher Exact Test was done for cells with counts less than 5