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Table 7 Differences in average BMI z scores and physical fitness scores between breakfast consumers and non-consumers

From: Relationship between breakfast consumption, BMI status and physical fitness of Ghanaian school-aged children

Did you have breakfast before school Yes No P-value
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
BMI z scores −0.34C1.0 − 0.35 ± 1.1 0.800
HFA z-score −0.28 ± 1.1 −0.24 ± 1.0 0.808
Hand grip (kg) 4.4 ± 2.2 4.6 ± 1.8 0.277
Forward jump (cm) 4.6 ± 2.1 5.0 ± 1.8 0.275
Sit-ups (s) 3.7 ± 2.0 4.0 ± 1.9 0.134
Flexibility (cm) 1.1 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.2 0.087
50 m run (s) 6.3 ± 2.5 7.0 ± 2.3 0.022*
Total physical activity score 20.0 ± 7.5 21.6 ± 6.4 0.423
  1. N = 349