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Table 4 Factors associated with goiter at primary school children in Dawro zone, southwest Ethiopia, 2017, (n = 652)

From: Magnitude of iodine deficiency disorder and associated factors in Dawro zone, Southwest Ethiopia; the hidden hunger: a cross-sectional study

Variables with CategoryGoiter Status
bNo cYes
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Age of the children
 7–9 years20015611
 10–12 years962002.67 (1.94, 3.68)**2.23 (1.32, 3.77)*
Sex of the children
 Male2207711
 Female7627910.49 (7.29, 15.08)**9.20 (5.30, 15.97)**
Family size
  < =51902261a
  > 51061300.85 (0.75, 1.42)a
Family educational status
 No formal education1542311a
 Formal education1421250.59 (0.43, 0.80)**a
Geographic location
 Lowland1521741a
 Highland1441821.10 (0.81, 1.50)a
Duration of stay in area
  < =1 year6161a
  > 1 year2903400.44 (0.17, 1.14)a
Family monthly income
  < 500 Eth. Birr3231111
 500–1500 Eth. Birr200350.02 (0.01, 0.03)**0.02 (0.01, 0.04)**
  > 1500 Eth. Birr64100.02 (0.01, 0.03)**0.02 (0.01, 0.04)**
Cassava Consumption
 Never consume1391501a
 Consume1572061.22 (0.89, 1.66)a
  1. *P.Value< 0.05 **P.Value< 0.001
  2. aNot appeared in the final model (not significant) when backward LR method used
  3. bNo = Goiter (neck swelling) not detected during thyroid gland examination
  4. cYes = Visible and/or palpable thyroid swelling was detected during thyroid gland examination