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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants by nutritional status (N = 350)

From: Nutritional status and the associated factors among people living with HIV: an evidence from cross-sectional survey in hospital based antiretroviral therapy site in Kathmandu, Nepal

VariableN (%)Nutritional statusp-value
Underweight
N = 64
Normal
N = 149
Overweight/Obese
N = 137
 
Age Mean (SD)38.9 (9.1)0.03
 18–34 years113 (32.3)19 (16.8)52 (46.0)42 (37.2) 
 35–51 years202 (57.7)33 (16.3)90 (44.6)79 (39.1) 
 52–68 years35 (10.0)12 (34.3)7 (20.0)16 (45.7) 
Sex    0.09
 Male200 (57.1)37 (18.5)94 (47.0)69 (34.5) 
 Female150 (42.9)27 (18.0)55 (36.7)68 (45.3) 
Ethnicity    0.90
 Upper caste159 (45.4)28 (17.6)70 (44.0)61 (38.4) 
 Disadvantaged janajatis95 (27.1)18 (18.9)40 (42.1)37 (38.9) 
 Relatively advantaged janajatis61 (17.4)11 (18.0)23 (37.7)27 (44.3) 
 Dalits20 (5.7)6 (30.0)8 (40.0)6 (30.0) 
 Disadvantaged non dalit terai caste13 (3.7)1 (7.7)7 (53.8)5 (38.5) 
 Religious minorities2 (0.6)0 (0.0)1 (50.0)1 (50.0) 
Marital status    0.01
 Married242 (69.1)34 (14.0)104 (43.0)104 (43.0) 
 Widowed53 (15.1)13 (24.5)22 (41.5)18 (34.0) 
 Unmarried34 (9.7)11 (32.4)17 (50.0)6 (17.6) 
 Separated/Divorced21 (6.0)6 (28.6)6 (28.6)9 (42.9) 
Current residence    0.47
 With family305 (87.1)54 (17.7)127 (41.6)124 (40.7) 
 Single31 (8.9)5 (16.1)16 (51.6)10 (32.3) 
 Organization12 (3.4)4 (33.3)5 (41.7)3 (25.0) 
 With friends2 (0.6)1 (50.0)1 (50.0)0 (0.0) 
Education    0.59
 No schooling97 (27.7)19 (19.6)40 (41.2)38 (39.2) 
 Primary59 (16.9)11 (18.6)23 (39.0)25 (42.4) 
 Lower secondary69 (19.7)11 (15.9)37 (53.6)21 (30.4) 
 Secondary/Higher Secondary109 (31.1)20 (18.3)45 (41.3)44 (40.4) 
 Graduate/Post-graduate16 (4.6)3 (18.8)4 (25.0)9 (56.3) 
Occupation    0.01
 Household work87 (24.9)19 (21.8)28 (32.2)40 (46.0) 
 Employee at private74 (21.1)18 (24.3)32 (43.2)24 (32.4) 
 Labor71 (20.3)12 (16.9)41 (57.7)18 (25.4) 
 Business56 (16.0)6 (10.7)20 (35.7)30 (53.6) 
 Agriculture38 (10.9)3 (7.9)20 (52.6)15 (39.5) 
 Government employee12 (3.4)2 (16.7)4 (33.3)6 (50.0) 
 Unemployed12 (3.4)4 (33.3)4 (33.3)4 (33.3) 
Economic status    0.12
 Upper middle61 (17.4)11 (18.0)21 (34.4)29 (47.5) 
 Lower middle89 (25.4)15 (16.9)35 (39.3)39 (43.8) 
 Upper lower196 (56.0)37 (18.9)93 (47.4)66 (33.7) 
 Lower4 (1.1)1 (25.0)0 (0.0)3 (75.0) 
Smoking status    0.04
 Yes82 (23.4)22 (26.8)40 (48.8)20 (24.4) 
 No268 (76.6)42 (15.7)109 (40.7)117 (43.7) 
Alcohol drinking status    0.50
 Yes28 (8.0)6 (21.4)9 (32.113 (46.4) 
 No322 (92.0)58 (18.0)140 (43.5)124 (38.5)