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Table 4 Dietary diversity and dietary pattern of the study participants (N = 350)

From: Nutritional status and the associated factors among people living with HIV: an evidence from cross-sectional survey in hospital based antiretroviral therapy site in Kathmandu, Nepal

VariableN (%)Nutritional statusp value
Underweight
N = 64
Normal
N = 149
Overweight/Obese
N = 137
 
Dietary diversity Mean (SD)4.22 (1.04)0.25
 Low218 (62.3)42 (19.3)98 (45.0)78 (35.8) 
 High132 (37.7)22 (16.7)51 (38.6)59 (44.7) 
Starchy staple    
 Yes350 (100.0)64 (18.3)149 (42.6)137 (39.1) 
 No0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0) 
Dark green leafy vegetables    0.33
 Yes173 (49.4)28 (16.2)71 (41.0)74 (42.8) 
 No177 (50.6)36 (20.3)78 (44.1)63 (35.6) 
Vitamin A rich fruits and vegetables    0.18
 Yes25 (7.1)3 (12.0)15 (60.0)7 (28.0) 
 No325 (92.9)61 (18.8)134 (41.2)130 (40.0) 
Other fruits and vegetables    0.37
 Yes275 (78.9)53 (19.3)112 (40.7)110 (40.0) 
 No75 (21.4)11 (14.7)37 (49.3)27 (36.0) 
Organ meats    0.82
Yes3 (0.9)1 (33.3)1 (33.3)1 (33.3) 
 No347 (99.1)63 (18.2)148 (42.7)136 (39.2) 
Meat and fish    0.89
 Yes197 (56.3)37 (18.8)85 (43.1)75 (38.1) 
 No153 (43.7)27 (17.6)64 (41.8)62 (40.5) 
Eggs    0.63
 Yes71 (20.3)13 (18.3)27 (38.0)31 (43.7) 
 No279 (79.7)51 (18.3)122 (43.7)106 (38.0) 
Legumes, nuts and seeds    0.80
 Yes305 (87.1)57 (18.7)128 (42.0)120 (39.3) 
 No45 (12.9)7 (15.6)21 (46.7)17 (37.8) 
Milk and milk products    0.21
 Yes80 (22.9)12 (15.0)30 (37.5)38 (47.5) 
 No270 (77.1)52 (19.3)119 (44.1)99 (36.7)