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Table 2 Changes in metabolic outcomes and differences between groups six-month post intervention

From: Effect of a nutrition education programme on the metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at a level 5 Hospital in Kenya: “a randomized controlled trial”

Parameter Baseline data Changes in clinical parameters six-month post intervention++ Differences between groups post intervention
NEP (n = 51) Mean ± SD NE (n = 51) Mean ± SD C (n = 51) Mean ± SD P value NEP (n = 48)
Mean (SE)
NE(n = 49)
Mean (SE)
C(n = 46)
Mean (SE)
P value NEP-NE NEP-C NE-C
Weight 72.06 ± 14.42 69.61 ± 10.22 71.91 ± 12.09 0.52 −6.27(0.87) −1.27(0.84) + 0.63(0.87) 0.000 4.99** 6.89** 1.89
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.64 ± 5.72 26.34 ± 4.16 27.11 ± 4.04 0.38 − 2.37(0.34) − 0.48(0.33)- + 0.29(0.34) 0.000 1.89** 2.26** 0.77
WC (cm) 101.92 ± 9.51 98.90 ± 9.71 101.71 ± 10.20 0.23 −14.51(1.34) −4.78(1.29)4 + 1.944(1.35) 0.000 9.73** 16.45** 6.72**
HC (cm) 106.16 ± 7.14 102.69 ± 11.90 106.17 ± 7.74 0.09 −6.16(1.28) −5.2(1.24) + 4.04(1.29) 0.000 0.96 10.20** 9.24**
SBP (mmHg) 145.33 ± 21.33 146.04 ± 19.50 139.98 ± 18.66 0.25 −13.39(3.53) −14.77(3.430 −5.30(3.56) 0.14 −1.38 8.09 9.47
DBP (mmHg) 87.88 ± 10.37 90.69 ± 8.79 88.12 ± 9.15 0.26 −1.58(198) −5.17(1.92) + 2.41(1.99) 0.03 −3.58 3.99 7.57*
HbA1C (%) 8.81 ± 1.94 8.37 ± 1.81 8.28 ± 1.81 0.31 −2.04(0.39) −1.48(0.39) −0.73(0.40) 0.09 0.56 1.30* 0.75
FBG (mmol/l) 11.12 ± 2.73 11.41 ± 4.40 10.50 ± 2.77 0.38 −2.59(0.66) −2.95(0.64) −1.55(0.68) 0.31 −0.36 1.04 1.40
TC (mmol/l) 5.23 ± 1.43 4.77 ± 1.07 4.91 ± 1.13 0.12 −0.38(.24) + 0.13(0.23) + 0.30(0.24) 0.12 0.51 0.69* 0.17
TG (mmol/l) 2.32 ± 1.37 2.00 ± 0.92 2.39 ± 0.89 0.16 −0.67(0.18) − 0.15(0.18) − 0.58(0.18) 0.10 0.52 0.09 −0.43
HDL (mmol/l) 1.30 ± 0.29 1.55 ± 0.39 1.31 ± 0.31 0.07 + 0.34(0.073) + 0.06(0.071) + 0.31(0.074) 0.01 −0.28* − 0.03 0.25*
LDL (mmol/l) 2.45 ± 1.48 2.37 ± 1.21 2.05 ± 1.14 0.24 + 0.38(0.24) + 0.53(0.23) + 1.23(0.24) 0.04 0.15 0.86* 0.71*
WHR 0.96 ± 0.07 0.98 ± 0.08 0.95 ± 0.09 0.23 −0.027(0.008) + 0.002(0.007) + 0.008(0.008) 0.01 0.30* 0.36* 0.01
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or SE of the mean. ANCOVA was used for between-groups comparisons, with a significance level of P* < 0.05 and p** < 0.01
  2. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, HC hip circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP: diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, HDL high density lipoprotein, LDL low density lipoprotein, TG triglycerides, TC total cholesterol and HbA1c –glycated hymoglobin, NEP Nutrition education peer to peer support group, NE Nutrition education intervention group, C control group, Kg kilogram/metre2, Cm centimeter, mmhg- Millimeters of mercury, mmol/l = milimmole per litre
  3. Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, education level, family history of diabetes, years lived with diabetes, complications and medication use.