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Table 2 Factors associated with food insecurity of households with at least one senior citizen

From: Food insecurity among senior citizens in high out-migration areas: evidence from Western Nepal

CharacteristicsUnadjustedAdjusteda
OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)
Age of the participants0.97 (0.94–1.01)*1.06 (0.99–1.13)
Migration of adult children
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.55 (0.33–0.91)*0.47 (0.24–0.95)*
Sex
 MaleRef
 Female1.08 (0.66–1.79)
Ethnicity
 Upper casteRefRef
 Janajati1.87 (1.01–3.49)*2.93 (1.26–6.84)*
 Dalits1.39 (0.66–2.96)0.99 (0.37–2.61)
Family structure
 NuclearRef
 Joint0.93 (0.55–1.57)
 Extended0.49 (0.12–1.97)
Smoking status
 No0.21 (0.12–0.36)*0.05 (0.21–0.13)*
 YesRefRef
Family’s monthly income (USD)
 < 1002.48 (1.43–4.30)*2.26 (1.08–4.76)*
 ≥ 100RefRef
Primary source of family income
 Agriculture0.38 (0.15–0.99)*0.46 (0.19–1.10)
 Business0.28 (0.09–0.80)*0.15 (0.03–0.59)*
 Service/Pension/Allowances0.95 (0.50–1.79)0.26 (0.08–0.89)*
 Wages-based laborRefRef
Own a cultivable land
NoRefRef
Yes0.20 (0.093–0.436)*0.14 (0.05–0.40)*
Geriatric allowance recipient
NoRefRef
Yes0.40 (0.23–0.68)*0.05 (0.01–0.16)*
  1. *p < 0.05; Ref: reference category; OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  2. aAdjusted for variables significant in the unadjusted model