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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and other health-related information at baseline and 8-months’ follow-up

From: The association between nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function of community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults

Variables Baseline (n = 100) Follow-up (n = 81)
Age, years Mean (SD) 70.8 (8.1) 70.7 (8.2)
Male N (%) 59 (59.0) 50 (62.0)
Ethnicity N (%) Pakistani 23 (23.0) 15 (18.5)
Indian 7 (7.0) 5 (6.2)
Bangladeshi 4 (4.0) 2 (2.5)
Caribbean 41 (41.0) 38 (46.9)
African 19 (19.0) 15 (18.5)
Others 6 (6.0) 6 (7.4)
Marital status N (%) Single 4 (4.0) 3 (3.7)
Married 66 (66.0) 55 (67.9)
Divorced 14 (14.0) 12 (14.8)
Widowed 16 (16.0) 11 (13.6)
Faith/Religion N (%) No religion 1 (1.0) 1 (1.2)
Hindu 2 (2.0) 2 (2.5)
Sikh 7 (7.0) 4 (5.0)
Muslim 34 (34.0) 24 (29.6)
Christian 56 (56.0) 50 (61.7)
Education N (%) No education 16 (16.0) 11 (13.6)
Primary 16 (16.0) 14 (17.3)
Secondary 21 (21.0) 15 (18.5)
College/University 47 (47.0) 41 (50.6)
Self-rated health N (%) Excellent 18 (18.0) 16 (19.7)
Good 55 (55.0) 45 (55.6)
Fair 16 (16.0) 11 (13.6)
Poor 11 (11.0) 9 (11.1)
No. of diseases Mean (SD) 2.0 (1.4) 2.1 (1.4)
IMD Decile N (%) 1 (Most deprived) 33 (33.0) 29 (35.8)
2 19 (19.0) 19 (23.4)
3 22 (22.0) 11 (13.6)
4 (least deprived) 26 (26.0) 22 (27.2)
BMI categories* N (%) Normal 7 (7.0) 9 (11.1)
Overweight 31 (31.0) 21 (25.9)
Obese 62 (62.0) 51 (63.0)
aNutritional status by
MNA-SF N(%)**
Malnourished 2 (2.0) 1 (1.2)
At- risk of malnutrition 22 (22.0) 29 (35.8)
Normal 76 (76.0) 51 (63.0)
aSPPB score Median (IQR) ** 11.1 (4.0) 10.0 (4.0)
HGS Mean (SD) 27.6 (9.8) 26.5 (9.5)
WC Mean (SD) 100.3 (10.6) 100.8 (10.6)
  1. SD Standard deviation, IQR Interquartile range, IMD Index of Multiple Deprivation, BMI Body Mass Index, MNA-SF Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, HGS Handgrip Strength, WC Waist circumference *WHO guidance on BMI thresholds for Asian populations (World Health Organization, 2004) was used to categorise BMI of South Asian participants, and the standard BMI categories were used for Caribbean and African participants. ** p < 0.05; a Wilcoxon Rank test used to examine median differences