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Table 2 Macronutrient and energy intake of community-dwelling, ethnically diverse older adults at baseline and follow-up (N = 81)

From: The association between nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function of community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults

Nutrient intake

Baseline

Follow-up

P-values*

Sex

Mean (SD)

Median (IQR)

Mean (SD)

Median (IQR)

RNI a

Energy Kcal/day

Male

1884.6 (518.2)

1853.8 (609.6)

1965.0 (686.5)

1822 (797.8)

2103.3–2366.2

0.393

Female

1514.5 (428.3)

1358.5 (526.5)

1354.5 (498.5)

1243.5 (676.0)

1673.0–1888.1

0.065

Carbs g

Male

230.2 (61.9)

223.8 (60.9)

248.9 (72.1)

234.8 (83.0)

0.104

Female

195.4 (60.9)

201.1 (95.3)

178.2 (74.0)

161.8 (84.5)

 

0.189

%TE Carbs

Male

50.2 (11.6)

48.2 (17.7)

53.5 (10.8)

52.7 (16.4)

50

0.101

Female

51.8 (8.9)

50.2 (9.2)

52.1 (9.2)

52.3 (14.5)

 

0.883

Fibre g/day

Male

18.3 (7.3)

17.2 (10.0)

20.3 (10.8)

19.1 (10.5)

30

0.192

Female

17.1 (7.9)

15.0 (10.7)

14.1 (7.5)

12.8 (9.5)

 

0.084

Protein g

Male

79.1 (25.3)

74.2 (28.7)

77.6 (34.4)

73.9 (41.5)

 

0.736

Female

68.0 (23.0)

57.5 (36.6)

58.6 (23.4)

53.2 (28.2)

 

0.070

Protein g/kg/day

Male

1.02 (0.40)

0.94 (0.44)

0.98 (0.48)

0.90 (0.51)

1.0–1.2 g/kg [40]

0.754

Female

0.93 (0.33)

0.86 (0.50)

0.80 (0.37)

0.76 (0.38)

 

0.183

%TE Protein

Male

17.0 (3.9)

16.8 (5.3)

15.8 (4.2)

15.3 (3.9)

15

0.127

Female

18.1 (4.4)

17.7 (4.8)

18.0 (5.9)

18.0 (6.7)

 

0.912

Fats g

Male

75.3 (40.8)

73.6 (49.2)

73.5 (44.7)

66.6 (39.5)

0.816

Female

53.3 (20.2)

53.0 (33.7)

48.8 (22.4)

41.6 (29.9)

 

0.319

%TE Fats

Male

34.3 (10.8)

36.3 (16.5)

38.1 (37.6)

32.4 (12.8)

35

0.453

Female

31.6 (8.6)

31.3 (14.4)

32.3 (7.0)

31.1 (10.3)

 

0.724

Saturated fats g

Male

24.2 (14.5)

22.2 (17.5)

28.9 (28.0)

23.6 (17.2)

0.203

Female

17.5 (8.9)

16.9 (12.4)

17.2 (10.7)

14.0 (8.5)

 

0.885

%TE Saturated fats

Male

11.2 (4.8)

11.0 (6.7)

11.3 (4.3)

11.1 (6.0)

11

0.885

Female

10.4 (4.6)

9.7 (4.8)

11.2 (4.2)

10.8 (6.7)

 

0.445

MUFA g

Male

24 (14.0)

22.8 (17.2)

24.8 (16.9)

20.6 (15.2)

0.742

Female

17.6 (8.3)

17.9 (12.1)

16.1 (9.2)

14.6 (8.8)

 

0.385

%TE MUFA

Male

11.1 (4.6)

11.3 (6.1)

10.3 (3.8)

10.6 (6.0)

12

0.310

Female

10.4 (3.9)

10.4 (4.8)

10.5 (36)

10.4 (3.6)

 

0.889

PUFA g

Male

13.9 (10.2)

10.5 (8.8)

15.4 (14.6)

10.9 (13.5)

 

0.460

Female

8.9 (4.1)

9.7 (7.1)

7.2 (3.7)

6.2 (3.6)

 

0.040

% TE PUFA

Male

6.3 (3.4)

5.7 (3.2)

6.7 (5.9)

5.5 (5.1)

 

0.626

Female

5.2 (2.0)

4.9 (3.0)

4.8 (1.7)

4.8 (2.5)

 

0.292

  1. %TE Percentage of Total Energy, RNI reference nutrient intake, SD Standard deviation, IQR interquartile Range, g gram *P values showing significant difference in nutrient intake for the two time points; a Department of Health (1991) and Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2012)