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Table 2 Macronutrient and energy intake of community-dwelling, ethnically diverse older adults at baseline and follow-up (N = 81)

From: The association between nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function of community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults

Nutrient intake Baseline Follow-up P-values*
Sex Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Mean (SD) Median (IQR) RNI a
Energy Kcal/day Male 1884.6 (518.2) 1853.8 (609.6) 1965.0 (686.5) 1822 (797.8) 2103.3–2366.2 0.393
Female 1514.5 (428.3) 1358.5 (526.5) 1354.5 (498.5) 1243.5 (676.0) 1673.0–1888.1 0.065
Carbs g Male 230.2 (61.9) 223.8 (60.9) 248.9 (72.1) 234.8 (83.0) 0.104
Female 195.4 (60.9) 201.1 (95.3) 178.2 (74.0) 161.8 (84.5)   0.189
%TE Carbs Male 50.2 (11.6) 48.2 (17.7) 53.5 (10.8) 52.7 (16.4) 50 0.101
Female 51.8 (8.9) 50.2 (9.2) 52.1 (9.2) 52.3 (14.5)   0.883
Fibre g/day Male 18.3 (7.3) 17.2 (10.0) 20.3 (10.8) 19.1 (10.5) 30 0.192
Female 17.1 (7.9) 15.0 (10.7) 14.1 (7.5) 12.8 (9.5)   0.084
Protein g Male 79.1 (25.3) 74.2 (28.7) 77.6 (34.4) 73.9 (41.5)   0.736
Female 68.0 (23.0) 57.5 (36.6) 58.6 (23.4) 53.2 (28.2)   0.070
Protein g/kg/day Male 1.02 (0.40) 0.94 (0.44) 0.98 (0.48) 0.90 (0.51) 1.0–1.2 g/kg [40] 0.754
Female 0.93 (0.33) 0.86 (0.50) 0.80 (0.37) 0.76 (0.38)   0.183
%TE Protein Male 17.0 (3.9) 16.8 (5.3) 15.8 (4.2) 15.3 (3.9) 15 0.127
Female 18.1 (4.4) 17.7 (4.8) 18.0 (5.9) 18.0 (6.7)   0.912
Fats g Male 75.3 (40.8) 73.6 (49.2) 73.5 (44.7) 66.6 (39.5) 0.816
Female 53.3 (20.2) 53.0 (33.7) 48.8 (22.4) 41.6 (29.9)   0.319
%TE Fats Male 34.3 (10.8) 36.3 (16.5) 38.1 (37.6) 32.4 (12.8) 35 0.453
Female 31.6 (8.6) 31.3 (14.4) 32.3 (7.0) 31.1 (10.3)   0.724
Saturated fats g Male 24.2 (14.5) 22.2 (17.5) 28.9 (28.0) 23.6 (17.2) 0.203
Female 17.5 (8.9) 16.9 (12.4) 17.2 (10.7) 14.0 (8.5)   0.885
%TE Saturated fats Male 11.2 (4.8) 11.0 (6.7) 11.3 (4.3) 11.1 (6.0) 11 0.885
Female 10.4 (4.6) 9.7 (4.8) 11.2 (4.2) 10.8 (6.7)   0.445
MUFA g Male 24 (14.0) 22.8 (17.2) 24.8 (16.9) 20.6 (15.2) 0.742
Female 17.6 (8.3) 17.9 (12.1) 16.1 (9.2) 14.6 (8.8)   0.385
%TE MUFA Male 11.1 (4.6) 11.3 (6.1) 10.3 (3.8) 10.6 (6.0) 12 0.310
Female 10.4 (3.9) 10.4 (4.8) 10.5 (36) 10.4 (3.6)   0.889
PUFA g Male 13.9 (10.2) 10.5 (8.8) 15.4 (14.6) 10.9 (13.5)   0.460
Female 8.9 (4.1) 9.7 (7.1) 7.2 (3.7) 6.2 (3.6)   0.040
% TE PUFA Male 6.3 (3.4) 5.7 (3.2) 6.7 (5.9) 5.5 (5.1)   0.626
Female 5.2 (2.0) 4.9 (3.0) 4.8 (1.7) 4.8 (2.5)   0.292
  1. %TE Percentage of Total Energy, RNI reference nutrient intake, SD Standard deviation, IQR interquartile Range, g gram *P values showing significant difference in nutrient intake for the two time points; a Department of Health (1991) and Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2012)