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Table 3 Energy and macronutrient contribution to energy by ethnicity over time

From: The association between nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function of community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults

  Baseline (n = 100) Follow-up (n = 81)
South Asian (n = 34) African/Caribbean (n = 60) Others (n = 6) *P-value South Asian (n = 22) African/ Caribbean (n = 53) Others (n = 6) *P-value
Energy kcal/day 1900.5 1615.8 1873.3 0.003 1969.8 1470.0 1641.5 0.003
%TE Carbs 48.6 49.0 43.9 0.625 48.3 55.4 53.0 0.141
%TE Sugars 12.1 15.1 17.4 0.119a 14.9 17.4 20.5 0.056 a
%TE Protein 16.4 17.7 13.8 0.013 15.3 16.4 13.8 0.444 a
%TE Fats 37.6 32.4 42.8 0.019 36.6 30.1 31.3 0.048
%TE Saturated fats 10.0 10.8 13.0 0.687 12.0 10.7 12.1 0.329
%TE Monounsaturated 11.1 11.3 13.4 0.385 10.8 10.4 11.3 0.768
%TE Polyunsaturated 7.2 4.9 7.0 < 0.001 8.1 4.3 5.6 < 0.001
Fibre intake g/day 16.0 15.0 20.6 0.256 17.2 15.9 20.3 0.285
  1. TE Total energy; *P- value calculated using one-way ANOVA; a Kruskal Wallis used to calculate P-values