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Table 4 Hierarchical multiple regression predicting SPPB and HGS scores (N = 100)

From: The association between nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function of community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults

  SPPB HGS (kg)
Predictors B (95% CI) SE p-value R2change B (95% CI) SE p-value R2change
Sociodemographic variables
 Male vs female −0.05 (−1.11, 1.01) 0.53 0.930 0.216 −3.02 (−6.56, 0.52) 1.78 0.093 0.342
 Age −0.09 (− 0.15, − 0.03) 0.03 < 0.001 − 0.45 (− 0.65, − 0.25) 0.1 < 0.001
 Married vs not married − 1.34 (−2.45, − 0.24) 0.55 0.020 −0.53 (− 1.30, 0.24) 0.39 0.177
 IMD 0.14 (−0.09, 0.37) 0.12 0.240 −1.41 (−2.66, −0.15) 0.63 0.028
 No education vs Education −1.23 (−2.64, 0.18) 0.71 0.090 1.17 (−3.54, 5.88) 2.37 0.623
 Number of diseases −0.26 (−0.64, 0.11) 0.19 0.170 −2.87 (−6.56, 0.82) 1.85 0.125
Nutritional status (by MNA-SF) 0.39 (0.10, 0.67) 0.14 0.010 0.091 0.16 (−0.78, 1.10) 0.47 0.732 0.009
WC −0.15 (− 0.22, − 0.09) 0.03 < 0.001 0.152 − 0.05 (− 0.52, 0.42) 0.24 0.834 0.010
BMI 0.12 (−0.02, 0.26) 0.07 0.090 −0.06 (− 0.28, 0.16) 0.11 0.579
Nutrient intakes
 Fibre 0.08 (0.02, 0.15) 0.03 0.010 0.075 0.28 (0.07, 0.50) 0.11 0.011 0.061
 Vitamin D −0.04 (−0.12, 0.04) 0.04 0.340 −0.19 (− 0.45, 0.08) 0.13 0.164
 Vitamin B6 1.33 (0.35, 2.32) 0.49 0.010 1.33 (−1.95, 4.62) 1.65 0.421
Total R2 0.534 0.423
  1. N 100, WC Waist Circumference, IMD Index of Multiple Deprivation, BMI Body Mass Index, MNA-SF Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form