Skip to main content

Table 4 Percentage of children stunted and underweight by type of poverty and background characteristics in India, 2015–16

From: Malnutrition and poverty in India: does the use of public distribution system matter?

Socio demographic variables Percentage of children stunted Percentage of children underweight Total Number of children)
Real Poor (Asset deprived and have welfare card) Excluded Poor (Asset deprived and do not have welfare card Privileged Non-Poor (Asset non-deprived and have welfare card Non-Poor (Asset non-deprived and do not have welfare card Real Poor (Asset deprived and have welfare card) Excluded Poor (Asset deprived and do not have welfare card Privileged Non-Poor (Asset non-deprived and have welfare card Non-Poor (Asset non-deprived and do not have welfare card
Age in Month
  < 12 27.30 27.28 20.03 18.91 37.67 36.20 25.40 23.31 41,871
 12–24 53.91 54.42 42.12 36.04 50.18 47.24 34.24 27.56 48,967
  > 25 55.31 54.41 41.09 33.61 49.99 49.22 37.71 31.26 1,34,164
Birth Order
 1 46.43 45.80 33.24 27.75 45.70 44.31 31.63 25.89 83,046
 2–3 48.95 49.01 38.45 32.74 46.63 46.09 35.20 30.03 1,06,012
 4+ 55.32 55.46 46.97 43.64 52.21 49.94 43.13 38.93 35,944
Size at Birth
 Very small 64.04 60.24 50.16 46.39 64.28 59.68 51.66 47.71 6178
 Small 56.20 54.05 43.29 38.02 55.62 53.87 42.93 37.49 20,046
 Average and above 48.48 48.74 36.24 30.47 46.17 45.15 33.29 27.65 1,98,778
Sex
 Female 49.22 49.16 35.97 31.05 47.11 46.43 33.31 28.71 1,16,360
 Male 50.33 50.12 38.28 31.93 48.33 46.59 35.68 29.26 1,08,642
Mother Education
 No Education 54.28 54.37 48.30 45.15 50.91 50.66 44.03 40.68 68,978
 Primary 47.24 48.59 41.58 40.50 46.18 45.07 38.46 35.82 32,835
 Secondary 42.15 42.06 33.58 29.60 42.04 40.44 31.49 27.97 1,02,191
 Higher 34.01 36.62 22.69 20.08 40.26 29.60 21.85 17.92 20,998
Place of Residence
 Urban 47.56 46.12 33.10 28.33 42.00 44.79 31.56 26.73 53,483
 Rural 49.93 50.08 38.72 33.78 48.12 46.72 35.68 30.61 1,71,519
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 51.94 50.96 40.08 35.65 48.68 47.21 36.95 31.89 42,540
 Scheduled Tribe 48.79 48.72 39.88 35.32 51.44 50.14 38.60 35.94 44,440
 OBC 50.42 50.22 37.89 32.70 46.77 45.80 35.40 29.99 88,803
 Others 45.87 47.12 31.57 26.47 41.79 44.58 29.04 24.90 39,399
Religion
 Hindu 50.11 49.48 37.22 31.04 48.62 46.83 34.91 28.98 1,63,089
 Muslim 49.15 51.70 37.82 35.28 43.28 45.89 33.22 30.90 35,241
 Others 42.92 45.08 33.19 26.36 40.58 42.74 32.84 23.68 26,672
BMI
 Underweight 52.96 54.16 43.29 38.30 56.21 56.14 44.36 40.40 53,286
 Normal 48.49 48.04 36.67 32.13 43.99 42.58 33.17 28.99 1,39,618
 Overweight 41.59 41.77 29.24 24.00 31.71 33.64 24.13 19.30 31,530
Number of children in Household
 1 47.82 47.82 34.46 28.73 47.46 45.80 33.06 26.99 113,566
 2 51.70 51.31 38.90 34.37 48.06 47.19 35.27 31.27 86,872
 3 or more 50.81 50.88 42.61 36.55 47.69 46.84 38.15 31.94 24,564