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Table 3 Baseline Characteristics of Subjects. All data are reported as mean (95% CI) unless otherwise specified

From: A comparison of a ketogenic diet with a LowGI/nutrigenetic diet over 6 months for weight loss and 18-month follow-up

Parameter Ketogenic Diet Low-GI Nutrigenetic Diet p-value
Participants (n) 53 61  
Age (years) (±SD) 43.0 ± 7.2 42.0 ± 6.7 0.424
Female (%) 47.2% 55.7% 0.361
Baseline body weight (kg) 113.0 (109.4–116.6) 108.5 (104.4–112.6) 0.106
BMI (kg/m2) 37.2 (36.4–38.1) 37.0 (35.9–38.2) 0.789
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 245.6 (234.8–256.5) 242.0 (235.0–249.0) 0.56
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dl) 45.1 (43.4–46.8) 47.6 (46.4–48.8) 0.16
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 120.5 (119.4–121.5) 105.7 (103.5–108.0) < 0.0001
  1. Data were analysed using ANCOVA, with significance set at p < 0.05 for primary observations and p < 0.001 for secondary observations