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Table 4 Usual nutrient intakes in a subpopulation of Filipino 12–23.9 month old children, by wealth category

From: Complementary feeding patterns of Filipino infants and toddlers lack diversity, especially among children from poor households

  Poorest Poor Middle Rich Richest
n = 208 n = 141 n = 139 n = 116 n = 92
Carbohydrate (g/d) 108.2 ± 3.3 109.2 ± 4.1 112.4 ± 4.2 114 ± 4.3 116 ± 4.4
Total sugars (g/d) 31.3 ± 1.3 33 ± 1.6 30.8 ± 1.5 33.7 ± 2.6 29.3 ± 2.5
Dietary fiber (g/d) 2.3 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.1 2.3 ± 0.1 2.4 ± 0.1 2.4 ± 0.2
Protein (g/d) 19 ± 0.6 22.8 ± 1 21.8 ± 0.8 27.5 ± 1.3 27.7 ± 1.4
Total fat (g/d) 19.7 ± 0.6 25 ± 1 24 ± 0.9 30.5 ± 1.5 31.6 ± 1.5
SFA (g) 8.7 ± 2.6 8 ± 0.4 8 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.5 8.1 ± 0.6
MUFA (g) 5.6 ± 0.2 8.4 ± 0.6 6.4 ± 0.4 9.7 ± 0.8 6.9 ± 0.6
PUFA (g) 1.7 ± 0.1 2.7 ± 0.2 2.1 ± 0.1 2.9 ± 0.2 2.2 ± 0.2
As percentage of total energy
 Carbohydrate (%) 62.5 ± 0.7 58 ± 0.7 59.8 ± 0.6 55.2 ± 0.9 54.5 ± 0.9
 Protein (%) 11.2 ± 0.2 11.8 ± 0.2 11.4 ± 0.2 12.8 ± 0.3 12.6 ± 0.3
 Total Fat (%) 26.2 ± 0.7 29.9 ± 0.6 29.7 ± 0.6 31.9 ± 0.8 32.6 ± 0.7
Vitamins
 Vitamin A (μgRE/d) 195.7 ± 12.2 315 ± 31.1 197.1 ± 18.6 335.4 ± 40 159.8 ± 27.2
 Vitamin C (mg/d) 21.2 ± 1 23.7 ± 1.8 32.2 ± 2.9 37.7 ± 3 55.7 ± 4.4
 Thiamine (mg/d) 0.3 ± 0.02 0.4 ± 0.02 0.4 ± 0.03 0.5 ± 0.03 0.7 ± 0.05
 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.5 ± 0.03 0.8 ± 0.07 0.7 ± 0.1 1.1 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1
 Niacin (mg/d) 4.2 ± 0.1 4.4 ± 0.2 5.3 ± 0.3 5.8 ± 0.3 7.7 ± 0.5
 Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.3 ± 0.02 0.6 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.03 0.6 ± 0.05 1.1 ± 0.1
 Folate (DFE μg) 92.9 ± 6.2 85.4 ± 4.7 118.6 ± 9.3 107.8 ± 8.2 161.9 ± 14
 Vitamin B12 (mg) 0.9 ± 0.04 0.8 ± 0.1 1.1 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 1.6 ± 0.1
 Vitamin D (mg) 1.2 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.2 2.5 ± 0.2 2.7 ± 0.3 5.2 ± 0.7
 Vitamin E (mg) 1.5 ± 0.1 1.5 ± 0.1 2.5 ± 0.3 2.1 ± 0.2 3.6 ± 0.4
Minerals
 Calcium (mg/d) 291.4 ± 16.5 447.3 ± 35.1 413.8 ± 30 632.9 ± 52.7 768.2 ± 62.7
 Phosphorus (mg/d) 311.7 ± 13.4 453.2 ± 30.5 389.8 ± 21.8 544.1 ± 40.1 491.6 ± 33.1
 Iron (mg/d) 3.2 ± 0.1 3.5 ± 0.2 4.6 ± 0.3 5.7 ± 0.4 9 ± 0.8
 Sodium (mg/d) 469.5 ± 23.7 504.6 ± 21.2 474.2 ± 27 576.7 ± 32.4 555.7 ± 33.9
 Zinc (mg) 3.1 ± 0.2 5.3 ± 1 3.8 ± 0.2 3.7 ± 0.2 5.2 ± 0.4
 Magnesium (mg) 49 ± 1.9 49.2 ± 2.3 57.5 ± 3 63.5 ± 4.2 73.4 ± 4.8
 Potassium (mg) 456.5 ± 153 441.8 ± 16.1 562.7 ± 25.7 606.3 ± 45.6 693.1 ± 47
 Selenium (mg) 31.2 ± 1.3 27.3 ± 1.3 32.5 ± 1.7 31.8 ± 1.6 30 ± 1.9