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Table 2 Evaluation of measured and estimated REE in patients with type 2 diabetes

From: Predictive equations for evaluation for resting energy expenditure in Brazilian patients with type 2 diabetes: what can we use?

  All
(n = 62)
Men
(n = 31)
Women
(n = 31)
Mean SD 95% limits of agreement1 p value* Mean SD 95% limits of agreement1 p value* Mean SD 95% limits of agreement1 p value*
Measured REE by IC (kcal/day) 1644.6 310.6    1815.7 262.3    1473.4 258.5   
Estimated REE (kcal/day)             
Harris-Benedict [4] 1546.9 262.5   0.001 1734.4 231.8   0.065 1359.3 117.1   0.004
 Bias2 (kcal/day) −97.7   (− 153.4;-41.94)   −81.3   (− 167.8; 5.3)   −114.1   (− 189.0; −39.2)  
 Percent deviation3 −3.5     −1.9     −3.1    
Bernstei n[5] 1660.1 498.9   0.799 2045.1 438.2   0.031 1275.0 88.1   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) 15.5   (−105.3; 136.3)   229.4   (22.1; 436.6)   −198.4   (− 277.5;-119.3)  
 Percent deviation3 0.2     2.2     −5.1    
Schofield [6] 1478.5 296.7   < 0.001 1700.1 225.9   0.011 1256.8 162.6   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) − 166.1   (−223.6;-108.5)   −115.6   (− 203.2; −27.9)   − 216.6   (− 291.7; 141.5)  
 Percent deviation3 −5.7     −2.6     −5.8    
FAO/WHO/UNO [7] 1603.2 257.3   0.016 1745.6 227.7   0.108 1407.8 119.3   0.074
 Bias2 (kcal/day) −41.4   (− 122.6; −13.0)   −70.1   (− 156.6; 16.3)   −65.6   (−137.9; 6.7)  
 Percent deviation3 −2.4     −1.6     −1.8    
Mifflin–St.Jeor [8] 1454.9 264.4   < 0.001 1663.5 181.7   0.001 1246.3 138.7   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) −189.7   (− 243.7;-135.6)   −152.2   (−235.3; −69.0)   −227.1   (− 298.5;155.7)  
 Percent deviation3 −7.0     −3.7     −6.4    
Gougeon et al. [9] 1547.1 248.0   0.002 1715.4 196.5   0.028 1378.8 167.2   0.028
 Bias2 (kcal/day) −97.5   (−156.5; − 38.3)   −100.3   (− 188.8; − 11.7)   −94.6   (− 178.1; −  
 Percent deviation3 −3.2     −2.3     −2.3   11.1)  
Huang et al. [10] 2052.6 369.8   < 0.001 2248.5 345.0   < 0.001 1856.7 282.4   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) 408   (337.6; 478.4)   432.8   (324.6;   383.3   (287.5; 478.9)  
 Percent deviation3 11.5     8.1   541.0)   8.1    
Martin et al. [11] 1330.6 236.7   < 0.001 1428.2 228.0   < 0.001 1233 205.6   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) − 314   (−382.6; − 245.2)   −387.5   (− 491.9; − 283.0)   −240.4   (−327.4;-153.3)  
 Percent deviation3 −9.1     −7.5     −5.6    
Dietary Reference Intakes [12] 2086.8 372.5   < 0.001 2395.4 228.0   < 0.001 1778.1 186.7   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) 442.2   (375.9; 508.4)   579.7   (495.3; 664.0)   304.7   (− 225.6; 383.7)  
 Percent deviation3 13.3     14.0     7.8    
Oxford [13] 1556.1 271.6   0.002 1761.7 218.9   0.201 1350.4 121.3   0.002
 Bias2 (kcal/day) −88.5   (− 143.3; −33.6)   −54   (− 138.4; 30.3)   − 123   (− 195.8;-50.1)  
 Percent deviation3 −3.2     −1.3     −3.4    
Ikeda et al. [14] 1381.7 151.8   < 0.001 1458.6 147.6   < 0.001 1304.8 113.4   < 0.001
 Bias2 (kcal/day) −262.9   (−321.9; −203.7)   − 357.1   (−436.1; − 278.0)   − 168.6   (− 246.7;-90.5)  
 Percent deviation3 −8.8     −9.2     −4.4    
  1. REE Resting energy expenditure; IC Indirect calorimetry; SD Standard deviation
  2. * Paired Student’s t-test to compare estimated and measured REE
  3. 1 (mean difference ± 1.96 SD of the difference)
  4. 2 (estimated − measured) (kcal in 24 h)
  5. 3 (difference/measured) × 100 (%)