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Table 1 Interview findings: themes and subthemes (N = 93)

From: Food labour, consumption hierarchies, and diet decision-making in Sri Lankan households: a qualitative study

Themes Subthemes
1. Rigid gender differences exist in household food labour responsibilities Women do most of the food-related work
When labour is shared, roles are often gendered
The “breadwinner(s)” pay for household food
2. There is some overlap between responsibility for food labour and influence over household diet In many households, food decisions are driven by children, elderly family members, and individuals with medical conditions
Influence over household diet is often gendered
In households where all food preferences are appeased, women prepare multiple meals
3. The presence of intra-household consumption differences based on age and gender is uncommon, and its impact unclear Traditional age and gender consumption hierarchies are not a feature of most households
Where present, consumption hierarchies do not always result in unequal intra-household food distribution
Women express a preference for ‘healthy eating’