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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of adults included in this analysis, aged ≥21 years, in the Jackson Heart Studya

From: High fructose corn syrup, excess-free-fructose, and risk of coronary heart disease among African Americans– the Jackson Heart Study

N 3233–3533
Age (y, mean ± SD) 55.0 ± 12.2
Sex (% male) 33.8
bBMI (mean ± SD) 31.8 ± 7.2
 Poor Health (30 kg/m)2 (%) 53.3
 Intermediate Health (25–29.9 kg/m)2 (%) 33.1
 Ideal Health (25 kg/m)2 (%) 13.6
Total energy intake (kcal/d, mean ± SD) 2065 ± 883
Education Level (%)
 0–11 y (< High School Grad) 16.2
 12 y (High School Grad/ Graduate Equivalency) 17.1
 13+ y (≥Some College/ College Graduates) 66.7
History of Smoking (% Yes) 28.9
Physical Activity
 Poor Health 46.7
 Intermediate Health 33.4
 Ideal Health 19.9
Blood Pressure Categorization (%)
 Normal (systolic < 120 mmHg & diastolic < 80 mmHg) 32.5
 Pre-Hypertension (120–139 mmHg/ 80–89 mmHg) 49.0
 Stage I Hypertension (140–159 mmHg/ 90–99 mmHg) 14.9
 Stage II Hypertension (≥160 mmHg/ 100 mmHg) 3.6
Fasting Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (%)
 Optimal (< 100 mg/dL) 21.6
 Near/ Above Optimal (100–129 mg/dL) 32.8
 Borderline High (130–159 mg/dL) 27.6
 High (160–189 mg/dL) 12.9
 Very High (190 mg/dL) 5.1
Fasting High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (%)
 Low (< 40 mg/dL high risk) 36.0
 Normal (40–59 mg/dL) 37.9
 High (≥60 mg/dL) 26.1
Fasting Triglyceride Categorization (%)
 Normal (normal (< 150 mg/dL) 85.2
 Borderline High (150–199 mg/dL) 9.8
 High (≥200 mg/dL) 5.0
hsCRP (%)
 Low risk < 1 mg/L 89.3
 Average risk 1-3 mg/L 8.9
 High risk > 3 mg/L 1.8
Diabetes Classification (%)
 No-Diabetes 46.1
 Pre-Diabetes 37.2
 Diabetes 16.7
Hemoglobin A1c (%)
 Normal (< 5.6% (38.8 mmol/mol) 50.3
 At Risk (≥ 5.6% (38.8 mmol/mol) 36.0
 Uncontrolled (≥6.5% (47.5 mmol/mol) 13.7
Intake frequency cany combination non-diet soda and fruit drinks (ttlEFF) (%)
< 2 times p/wk 19.2
 2–5 times p/wk 20.3
 once p/day 21.1
  > 1 to < 3 times p/day 20.9
  ≥ 3 times p/day 18.5
Intake frequency non-diet soda (%)
  ≤ once /wk 38.7
 2–4 times /wk 10.0
 5–7 times /wk 15.7
  > once / day 35.6
Intake frequency fruit drinks (%)
  ≤ once /wk 27.6
 2–4 times /wk 29.2
 5–7 times /wk 18.3
  > once /day 24.9
Intake frequency orange juice (%)
  ≤ once /wk 25.4
 2–4 times /wk 26.9
  ≥ 5 times /wk. 16.6
  > once /day 31.1
Intake frequency other 100% juicesd (%) (n = 3425)
  ≤ once /wk 49.4
 2–4 times /wk 19.2
  ≥ 5 times /wk 14.5
  > once /day 16.9
Intake frequency diet soda (%)
  ≤ once /wk 81.6
 2–7 times /wk 8.1
  > once /day 10.3
2010 Healthy Eating Index, mean score 64.3
±SD 11.1
  1. a Characteristics are based upon self-reported responses to the medical and food frequency questionnaires administered at baseline (10/2005–12/2008). b American Heart Association classifications for body mass index (BMI). c ttlEFF refers to any combination of high fructose corn syrup sweetened soft drinks, and fruit drinks. d Other juices excluded citrus juice (100% orange juice) and included apple (a high fructose juice), grape, pineapple, and other 100% juices