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Table 2 Baseline Characteristics of Participants by Beverage Intake Frequency in the Jackson Heart Studya

From: High fructose corn syrup, excess-free-fructose, and risk of coronary heart disease among African Americans– the Jackson Heart Study

ttlEFF - Any Combo of HFCS sweetened Soft Drinks, and Fruit Drinks Orange Juice Other 100% Juices
Intake Frequencies
  < 2/wk 2–5/wk 1/d > 1to < 3/d ≥3/d ≤1/wk 2–4 /wk 5–7 /wk > 1/d ≤1/wk 2–4/wk 5–7/wk > 1/d
N 699 728 738 727 641 897 951 588 1097 1760 671 517 585
Mean Age (y) 58 56 54 54 51 55 53 55 56 55 52 57 55
Gender (male %) 25 33 37 35 39 24 40 34 36 32 43 24 38
Smoking History
 Yes (%) 30 28 25 30 31 31 30 25 27 31 26 27 28
bBMI Health(%)
 Poor (≥30 kg/m) 55 53 53 53 53 55 51 53 54 54 51 52 54
 Intermediate (25–29.9 kg/m) 35 34 33 33 32 32 33 35 33 32 35 33 34
 Ideal (18.5–25 kg/m) 10 13 14 15 15 12 16 12 14 13 13 15 13
Mean Total Energy Intake
 daily kilocal 1591 1814 1976 2256 2716 1867 1991 2070 2288 1907 2146 2063 2445
2010 Healthy Eating Index
 Mean score 70 68 65 63 56 62 62 66 67 63 64 67 67
Education Level (%)
 0–11 y 19 16 12 16 18 16 17 15 17 18 16 15 13
 12 y 16 15 18 18 19 20 16 14 17 18 15 17 18
 13+ y 65 69 70 66 63 64 67 71 66 64 70 68 69
cIncome (%)
 Low 12 11 10 12 14 14 13 09 11 12 10 14 10
 Middle 51 51 51 53 56 51 54 53 53 54 53 56 52
 Affluent 36 37 38 34 27 30 36 37 36 34 37 30 38
Physical Activity Health (%)
 Poor 42 45 44 50 51 51 47 41 46 48 45 45 44
 Intermediate 37 32 34 30 34 34 33 36 32 33 34 33 33
 Ideal 21 23 21 19 15 16 20 23 22 18 21 22 22
hsCRP (%)
 Low risk< 1 mg/L 89 89 89 90 88 89 84 90 90 89 90 90 88
 Avg risk 1-3 mg/L 9 9 10 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 8 9 10
 High risk > 3 mg/L 2 2 1 1 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2
Hypertension
 (Yes%) 18 19 18 20 19 17 18 18 20 18 18 18 21
Fasting LDL (%)
 Borderline High 25 29 30 28 25 26 29 25 28 29 26 26 27
 High 10 13 13 16 12 12 13 11 15 12 14 13 15
 Very High 5 5 5 6 4 6 5 4 4 5 5 5 5
Fasting HDL (%)
 Low 34 34 34 40 37 38 37 35 34 36 37 36 35
Fasting Triglyceride (%)
 Borderline High 8 10 8 12 10 9 9 12 10 9 10 13 10
 High 5 6 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 4
Diabetes (Yes %) 32 17 14 11 10 18 16 14 17 18 16 15 13
  1. a Characteristics by beverage intake frequency are based upon self-reported responses to the medical and food frequency questionnaires administered at baseline (10/2005–12/2008). bAmerican Heart Association classifications for body mass index (BMI). cIncome is classified as (low income (<poverty level); lower-middle (1–1.6 times the poverty level); upper-middle (1.6–3.5 times the poverty level); affluent (at least 3.5 times the poverty level)