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Table 1 Proximate, mineral, and vitamin profiles of three forms of akokonoǂ

From: Evaluating the nutritional content of an insect-fortified food for the child complementary diet in Ghana

  Raw Roasted Akokono-Groundnut Paste
Proximate1
  g/100 g g/100 g g/100 g
 Ash (%) 3.93 ± 0.13a 2.65 ± 0.09b 2.67 ± 0.19b
 Fat (%) 52.72 ± 1.86a 53.04 ± 1.87a 46.34 ± 2.31b
 Protein (%) 32.83 ± 1.16a 31.58 ± 1.11a 34.15 ± 1.71b
 Carbohydrate (%) 10.52 ± 0.37a 12.73 ± 0.45b 16.84 ± 0.78c
 Fiber (%) 9.61 ± 0.34a 4.52 ± 0.16b 3.94 ± 0.21c
Minerals1
  mg/100 g mg/100 g mg/100 g
 Iron2 0.85 ± 0.17a 1.30 ± 0.26b 1.50 ± 0.30c
 Potassium 16.90 ± 0.85a 13.90 ± 0.70b 240.20 ± 12.01c
 Calcium 4.60 ± 0.23a 42.90 ± 2.15b
 Magnesium 25.80 ± 1.29a 23.30 ± 1.17a 126.50 ± 6.33b
 Zinc 3.60 ± 0.18a 3.50 ± 0.18a
 Copper 0.90 ± 0.05a 0.30 ± 0.02b 0.70 ± 0.04c
Vitamins2
  mg/100 g mg/100 g mg/100 g
 Vitamin A <  0.021 (LOQ) <  0.021 (LOQ) <  0.021 (LOQ)
 Thiamine 0.12 ± 0.02a 0.22 ± 0.04b 0.12 ± 0.02a
 Niacin 4.79 ± 0.67a 4.02 ± 0.56a 7.88 ± 1.10b
 Riboflavin 0.60 ± 0.10a 0.81 ± 0.13a 0.32 ± 0.05b
 Vitamin B6 0.18 ± 0.03a 0.27 ± 0.04b 0.21 ± 0.03b
 Folate 0.20 ± 0.06a 0.21 ± 0.06a 0.10 ± 0.29a
 Vitamin B12 0.02 ± 0.00a 0.02 ± 0.01a 0.00 ± 0.00b
 Vitamin D3 <  0.00025 (LOQ) <  0.00025 (LOQ) <  0.00025 (LOQ)
 Vitamin E 11.20 ± 1.70a 18.60 ± 2.80a 68.70 ± 10.40b
  1. 1Tests were conducted by Microbiology Lab of the Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology at KNUST on dry matter akokono. Results represent means of duplicate analysis
  2. 2Tests were conducted by Eurofins Lab on original matter akokono. Results represent means of triplicate analysis
  3. ǂResults are reported as mean ± sd. A one-way ANOVA was used to determine significant differences between the samples. Samples with different letter superscripts (a, b, c) in the same row are significantly different (p<0.05). The larval lifecycle stage was similar between all akokono tested.
  4. LOQ: Limit of quantitation
  5. Akokono-groundnut paste was made with roasted akokono