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Table 1 Comparison of clinical parameters used to stratify cardiometabolic risk groupsa

From: Healthy eating index patterns in adults by sex and age predict cardiometabolic risk factors in a cross-sectional study

Risk factors Cardiometabolic risk P-value
Low-risk (n = 107) High-risk (n = 286)
Mean ± SE Criteria (%) Mean ± SE Criteria (%) Risk by age Risk
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 0.42 0 29.3 ± 0.24 87% 0.56 < 0.01
HDLc women (mg/dL) 74.0 ± 1.91 0 55.5 ± 1.14 42% < 0.01 < 0.01
HDLc men (mg/dL) 57.7 ± 1.89 0 46.0 ± 1.23 45% 0.04 < 0.01
TGfasting (mg/dL) 73.4 ± 4.25 0 107 ± 2.93 14% 0.12 < 0.01
HOMA 1.08 ± 0.23 0 2.63 ± 0.14 45% 0.82 < 0.01
HbA1c (%) 5.24 ± 0.04 0 5.32 ± 0.02 9% 0.81 0.11
  1. aStudy participants were classified a priori for a cardiometabolic outcome. High risk was based on at least one of the following criteria: BMI (kg/m2) of 25–44; fasting triglycerides > 150 mg/dL; HDLc < 50 mg/dL-women or < 40 mg/dL-men; HOMA > 2; HbA1c ≥5.7 and < 6.5. Low risk was based on the absence of all risk factors. The interactions of the risk by sex or 3 components (age, sex and risk) was not significant. Values are mean and standard errors (SE)