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Table 2 HEI-2015 component stepwise discriminant models for cardiometabolic risk groups in women and men by age category

From: Healthy eating index patterns in adults by sex and age predict cardiometabolic risk factors in a cross-sectional study

Age (y) Model components Percent Predicted (%) AUC Entropy R2 Prob > F
Low-risk
(n = 106)
High-risk
(n = 272)
Women
 18 to 33 Dairy, ToVeg, satFat, ToFru, ToPro, rGr, FAs, G&B, AdSug, Sod 93 90 0.93 0.66 0.10
 34 to 49 Dairy, ToVeg, satFat, ToFru, ToPro, G&B, wGr, S&PPro, WFru, Sod 100 98 0.96 0.75 0.03
 50 to 65 Dairy, ToVeg, satFat, ToPro, rGr, FAs, wGr, S&PPro, AdSug, Sod 100 100 0.92 0.85 0.02
Men
 18 to 33 Dairy, ToVeg, satFat, ToPro, rGr, FAs, G&B, wGr, ToFru, S&PPro, wFru 92 92 0.89 0.86 0.04
 34 to 49 Dairy, ToVeg, satFat, ToPro, rGr, FAs, wGr, ToFru, S&PPro, wFru, AdSug 100 95 0.83 0.85 0.07
 50 to 65 Dairy, ToVeg, satFat, rGr, FAs, G&B, wGr, ToFru 100 96 0.89 0.95 0.05
  1. HEI-components ranked by frequency of appearance in models: dairy (n = 6); total-vegetables (ToVeg; n = 6); saturated fat (satFat; n = 6); total protein (ToPro; n = 5); refined-grains (rGr; n = 5); ‘fatty acids’ (FAs; n = 5); ‘greens and beans’ (G&B; n = 5); whole-grain (wGr; n = 4); total-fruit (ToFru; n = 4); sea-food and plants (S&PPro; n = 4); whole-fruits (WFru; n = 3); ‘added sugars’ (AdSug; n = 3); ‘sodium’ (Sod; n = 3). AUC = area under the curve