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Table 3 Bivariate and Multivariate Results Predicting Access to Foods

From: Disparate access to nutritional food; place, race and equity in the United States

  Save Money Drive Less Better Selection Buy Organic Foods Minutes to Store
Minority Status 1.306** 1.209 1.252* 1.132 1.343** 1.353** 1.918*** 1.954*** 0.139*** 0.183***
(0.144) (0.144) (0.132) (0.130) (0.149) (0.161) (0.201) (0.227) (0.040) (0.042)
Household Income   0.925***   0.951**   1.022   1.006   0.001
  (0.016)   (0.016)   (0.018)   (0.017)   (0.006)
Education   0.925   0.961   0.986   1.166***   −0.039**
  (0.043)   (0.041)   (0.043)   (0.050)   (0.016)
Age   0.992**   1.001   1.004   0.988***   0.001
  (0.003)   (0.003)   (0.003)   (0.003)   (0.001)
Female   1.131   1.403***   1.242*   1.233*   0.061
  (0.108)   (0.134)   (0.117)   (0.120)   (0.035)
Employment Status   1.010   1.043   0.923   0.794*   −0.137***
  (0.109)   (0.111)   (0.102)   (0.086)   (0.039)
MSA Status   1.582***   1.446***   1.245   0.926   −0.298***
  (0.200)   (0.162)   (0.151)   (0.109)   (0.046)
Constant cut1 0.022* 0.015* 0.131* 0.092* 0.036* 0.044* 0.860* 0.463*   
(0.004) (0.005) (0.011) (0.026) (0.005) (0.014) (0.049) (0.123)   
Constant cut2 0.134* 0.100* 0.507* 0.365* 0.139* 0.181* 2.086* 1.146   
(0.011) (0.030) (0.030) (0.100) (0.011) (0.055) (0.126) (0.303)   
Constant cut3 0.698* 0.543* 2.238* 1.668 0.831* 1.098 6.187* 3.432*   
(0.040) (0.162) (0.136) (0.457) (0.047) (0.327) (0.470) (0.911)   
Constant cut4 2.180* 1.740 7.094* 5.301* 3.847* 5.118* 15.245* 8.421*   
(0.129) (0.518) (0.556) (1.503) (0.252) (1.541) (1.545) (2.353)   
Constant          2.185* 2.590*
         (0.020) (0.102)
Wald Chi2 5.92*** 61.49** 4.54*** 52.34*** 7.07*** 27.62*** 28.63*** 86.87***   
R-squared          0.008 0.061
Pseudo R2 0.001 0.018 0.001 0.011 0.002 0.007 0.009    
F          12.05*** 12.28***
  1. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001. (“Minutes to Store” has a coefficient presented, all others are presented as odds ratios. Robust standard errors in parentheses)