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Table 4 Factors associated with nutritional status of pregnant women in Konso district, Southern Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 501)

From: Prevalence of undernutrition and its associated factors among pregnant women in Konso district, southern Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Category Undernutrition COR
(95%CI)
AOR
(95% CI)
P-value
Yes No
Household food security status Secured 62 162 Ref.   
Not secured 154 123 3.3 (2.3–4.7) 3.1 (2.1–4.6) <  0.001
Dietary diversity score Low 148 127 4.7 (2.6–8.4) 4.9 (2.6–9.2) < 0.001
Medium 53 97 2.2 (1.2–4.30) 2.3 (1.2–4.7) 0.016
High 15 61 Ref.   
Latrine availability Yes 99 172 Ref.   
No 117 113 1.8 (1.3–2.6) 1.8 (1.2–2.6) 0.004
Resource decision making Husband only 89 94 1.5 (1.0–2.4) 1.7 (1.1–2.6) 0.011
Wife only 7 7 1.5 (0.5–4.4) 1.9 (0.6–6.0) 0.295
Both equally 120 184 Ref.   
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, Ref Reference category, CI Confidence interval