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Table 2 Associations between participant socio-demographic characteristics and overweight/obesity among women of reproductive age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (N = 918)

From: Risk factors for overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Variables N n (%) CPR(95%CI) P-value APRa(95%CI) P-value
Age in years
 15–24 334 105 (31.4) 1   1  
 25–34 351 185 (52.7) 1.50 (1.25,1.79) < 0.01 1.26 (1.03,1.54) 0.03
 35–49 319 218 (68.3) 1.90 (1.61,2.45) < 0.01 1.59 (1.30,1.95) < 0.01
Household size
 1–3 170 88 (51.8) 1    
 4–5 333 181 (54.4) 1.09 (0.84,1.41) 0.52   
 6 and above 501 239 (47.7) 0.94 (0.73,1.21) 0.64   
Education
 No education 59 28 (47.5) 1    
 Primary 600 329 (54.8) 1.12 (0.86,1.16) 0.40   
 Secondary 267 114 (42.7) 0.94 (0.70,1.25) 0.67   
 Above secondary 78 37 (47.4) 1.04 (0.75,1.47) 0.78   
Type of Employment
 No employment 546 242 (44.3) 1   1  
 Informal 334 199 (59.6) 1.28 (1.13,1.45) < 0.01 1.14 (1.01,1.29) 0.04
 Formal 124 67 (54.0) 1.17 (0.98,1.40) 0.08 1.06 (0.90,1.26) 0.48
Marital Status
 Single 356 114 (32.0) 1   1  
 Married/cohabiting 581 357 (61.5) 1.66 (1.42,1.94) < 0.01 1.33 (1.11,1.60) < 0.01
 Divorced/separated 66 36 (54.6) 1.52 (1.17,1.97) < 0.01 1.21 (0.93,1.59) 0.16
Parity
 0–1 194 97 (50.0) 1    
  > 1 543 329 (60.6) 1.16 (1.00,1.34) 0.06   
Wealth index Score
 Low 335 150 (44.8) 1   1  
 Middle 395 210 (53.2) 1.21 (1.05,1.39) 0.01 1.25 (1.09,1.4) < 0.01
 High 274 148 (54.0) 1.18 (1.12,1.61) 0.03 1.24 (1.07,1.4) < 0.01
  1. Abbreviations: CPR Crude prevalence ratio; APR Adjusted prevalence ratio
  2. aAdjusted for physical activity and energy intake