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Table 4 Associations between Macronutrient Intake with overweight/obese among women of reproductive age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (N = 918)

From: Risk factors for overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Macronutrients Overweight /obese
n(%)
CPR a(95%CI) P-value APRa(95%CI) P-value P value for trend
Carbohydrate (g)
 Low 159 (52.0) 1   1   
 Medium 179 (58.5) 1.07 (0.92,1.23) 0.37 1.15 (0.91,1.46) 0.25 0.47
 High 168 (54.9) 1.11 (0.95,1.30) 0.19 1.15 (0.84,1.58) 0.39  
Animal Protein(g)
 Low 161 (52.6) 1   1   
 Medium 171 (55.7) 1.13 (0.98,1.30) 0.09 1.17 (1.01,1.35) 0.03 0.26
 High 168 (57.1) 1.12 (0.94,1.32) 0.20 1.19 (1.02,1.39) 0.03  
Total fat (g)
 Low 176 (57.5) 1   1   
 Medium 176 (57.5) 1.12 (0.96,1.30) 0.14 1.21 (0.98,1.50) 0.10 0.07
 High 154 (57.5) 1.13 (0.98,1.32) 0.10 1.22 (1.03,1.45) 0.02  
Fish & Poultry protein (g)
 Low 156 (50.5) 1   1   
 Medium 174 (56.0) 1.05 (0.85,1.30) 0.63 0.83 (0.70,0.99) 0.04 0.03
 High 176 (59.1) 1.04 (0.84, 1.29) 0.74 0.78 (0.61,0.99) 0.04  
Sugar (g)
 Low 165 (53.9) 1   1   
 Medium 169 (55.2) 1.01 (0.87,1.16) 0.10 1.13 (0.98,1.31) 0.09 < 0.01
 High 172 (56.2) 1.05 (0.90,1.23) 0.07 1.27 (1.03,1.58) 0.01  
Fiber (g)
 Low 243 (53.9) 1   1   
 Medium 140 (56.7) 0.94 (0.81, 1.09) 0.42 0.95 (0.81,1.12) 0.57 0.57
 High 123 (55.9) 1.02 (0.89, 1.17) 0.81 0.95 (0.77,1.17) 0.65  
  1. Abbreviations: CRP Crude prevalence ratio
  2. aAdjusted prevalence ratio -adjusted for physical activity, energy intake, age, wealth index, type of employment, marital status, number of parity and education level