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Table 4 Consequences of the change in eating habits, by disease group (N = 131 who have changed their diet)

From: Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases and nutrition: results from an online survey on patients’ practices and perceptions

Variable Rheumatic diseases Gastrointestinal diseases Psoriasis (N = 10) Overall (N = 131)
RA (N = 21) AS (N = 16) PsA (N = 14) CD (N = 40) UC (N = 30)
Consequences of the diet change, N (%)
 Weight loss 7 (33) 7 (44) 3 (21) 8 (19) 6 (20) 5 (50) 36 (27)
 Better physical fitness 6 (29) 4 (25) 5 (36) 5 (13) 13 (43) 3 (30) 36 (27)
 Increased tiredness 5 (24) 1 (6) 1 (7) 17 (43) 4 (13) 0 (0) 28 (21)
 Increased sleep disorders 2 (10) 2 (12) 1 (7) 11 (28) 4 (13) 0 (0) 20 (15)
 Difficulties in keeping physical activity 1 (5) 1 (6) 1 (7) 11 (28) 4 (13) 0 (0) 18 (14)
 Improved mental health 4 (19) 2 (12) 2 (14) 2 (5) 4 (13) 3 (30) 17 (13)
 Undernutrition 1 (5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 9 (23) 3 (10) 0 (0) 13 (10)
 Reduced stress 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (7) 2 (5) 4 (13) 2 (20) 9 (7)
 Other 1 (5) 4 (25) 3 (21) 3 (8) 6 (20) 1 (10) 18 (14)
 I did not feel any particular change 8 (38) 4 (25) 5 (36) 14 (35) 10 (33) 3 (30) 44 (34)
  1. Abbreviations: AS Ankylosing spondylitis, RA Rheumatoid arthritis, PsA Psoriatic arthritis, CD Crohn’s disease, UC Ulcerative colitis