Skip to main content

Table 2 Sociodemographic and lifestyle factors of study population stratified by BMI categories since arrival to Germany (N = 326)

From: Body mass index and associated factors among refugees living in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany: a cross-sectional study

   Underweight Normal weight Pre-obesity (overweight) Obesity class I/II/III
n % n % n % n %
Age Mean (SD) 21.3 (3.1) 29.7 (9.8) 34.7 (10.9) 37.6 (11.9)
Sex Male 7 3.0 109 47.4 90 39.1 24 10.4
Female 3 3.7 22 26.8 31 37.8 26 31.7
Nationality Syrians 5 3.9 50 38.8 53 41.1 21 16.3
Afghans 1 2.4 21 50.0 15 35.7 5 11.9
Iraqis 2 2.7 27 37.0 29 39.7 15 20.6
Iranians 0 0.0 8 42.1 11 57.9 0 0.0
African countriesa 1 4.6 10 45.5 5 22.7 6 27.3
Otherb 1 3.9 14 53.9 8 30.8 3 11.5
Marital status Unmarried 8 5.8 74 53.2 50 36.0 7 5.0
Married 2 1.3 52 34.7 59 39.3 37 24.7
Divorced 0 0.0 3 16.7 10 55.6 5 27.8
Widowed 0 0.0 2 40.0 2 40.0 1 20.0
Education Low 4 3.2 49 38.9 48 38.1 25 19.8
Medium 6 4.9 59 48.0 42 34.2 16 13.0
High 0 0.0 23 36.5 31 49.2 9 14.3
Employment status Employed 0 0.0 23 71.9 8 25.0 1 3.1
Unemployed 10 3.7 104 38.4 109 40.2 48 17.7
Length of stay since arrival < 12 months 0 0.0 16 41.0 19 48.7 4 10.3
12–24 months 2 6.9 116 55.2 6 20.7 5 17.2
25–36 months 6 3.7 72 43.9 61 37.2 25 15.2
> 36 months 2 2.6 26 33.8 35 45.5 14 18.2
Exercise (sport) No exercise 6 3.5 62 36.3 70 40.9 33 19.3
< 120 min per week 2 2.1 46 47.4 34 35.1 15 15.5
≥120 min per week 1 2.4 23 54.8 16 38.1 2 4.8
Smoking status Smoker 5 3.0 44 32.8 56 41.8 30 22.4
Non-smoker 4 2.8 86 48.9 65 36.9 20 11.4
Alcohol use Sobriety/abstinence 7 3.9 73 40.8 68 38.0 31 17.3
Low-risk consumptionc 1 1.3 34 43.0 31 39.2 13 16.5
Risky consumptiond 2 5.7 17 48.6 13 37.1 3 8.6
Dangerous consumptione 0 0.0 3 27.3 5 45.5 3 27.3
Fruit & vegetable consumption ≥5 servings per day 1 3.6 7 25.0 14 50.0 6 21.4
< 5 servings per day 9 3.2 120 43.0 106 38.0 44 15.8
Eating habits > 4 meals per day 2 3.0 31 47.0 25 37.9 8 12.1
≤4 meals per day 8 3.3 100 40.7 96 39.0 42 17.1
  1. n: quantity; %: proportion; SD: standard deviation
  2. a Algeria, Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, Ghana, Guinea, Morocco, Egypt; b Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Georgia, India, Lebanon, Pakistan, Palestine, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, stateless; c consumption of one or two alcoholic beverages (< 24 g for men and < 12 g pure alcohol for women per day) on at least one day in a month; d consumption of three or four alcoholic beverages (24-60 g for men and 12-40 g pure alcohol for women per day) on at least one day in a month; e consumption of five or more alcoholic beverages (more than 60 g for men and 40 g pure alcohol for women per day) on at least one day in a month