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Table 1 Background characteristics of women in fish smoking livelihoods (FSL) or other livelihoods (OL) in the study

From: Risk of anaemia among women engaged in biomass-based fish smoking as their primary livelihood in the central region of Ghana: a comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristic FSL women
(n = 175)
OL women
(n = 155)
aP-value
Age, years 38 ± 8b 29 ± 8 < 0.001
Married 143 (82)c 89 (57) < 0.001
No Formal education 87 (50) 18 (12) < 0.001
Years in primary occupation 12 ± 7 6 ± 5 < 0.001
Has supplementary income source 78 (45) 45 (29) < 0.001
Average monthly income < GH₵ 500d 103 (59) 130 (84) < 0.001
Has been pregnant before 170 (97) 107 (69) < 0.001
Parity 5 ± 3 2 ± 2 < 0.001
Dewormed in past 3 months 47c (27) 47 (30) 0.50
Used iron supplements in past 6 months 25 (14) 27 (17) 0.44
Usually sleeps under mosquito net 106 (61) 72 (47) < 0.001
Had fever in past 2 weeks 47 (27) 29 (19) 0.08
Household size 6 ± 3 5 ± 3 < 0.001
Household has improved toilet facility 44 (25) 36 (41) < 0.001
Use firewood as main fuel for cooking 28 (16) 17 (11) 0.18
Cigarette smoker in household 9 (5) 5 (3) 0.39
  1. aSignificance associated with independent T-test for continuous variables, and chi-squared statistic for categorical variables bMean ± SD; cn (%); dexchange rate at time of the study I USD = 5GHC