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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression of risk factors associated with wasting on childhood less than 5 years old in Somali Region, Ethiopia

From: Prevalence of undernutrition and potential risk factors among children below five years of age in Somali region, Ethiopia: evidence from 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

Variables   Wasting COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Yes No   
Age of child in months
 0–24 120 (21.6%) 435 (78.4%) 1 1  
 25–47 117 (23.4%) 384 (76.6%) 1.10 (0.83, 1.48) 1.07 (0.76, 1.49)  
 48–59 67 (23.7%) 216 (76.3%) 1.12 (0.80, 1.58) 1.14 (0.76, 1.72)  
Sex of child
 Male 181 (25.9%) 519 (74.1%) 1 1  
 Female 123 (19.2%) 516 (80.8%) 0.68 (0.53, 0.89) 0.65 (0.48, 0.88)** 0.005
Place of residence
 Urban 65 (24.1%) 205 (75.9%) 1 1  
 Rural 239 (22.4%) 830 (77.6%) 0.91 (0.66, 1.24) 0.79 (0.48, 1.31)  
Type of birth
 Single birth 300 (22.8%) 1015 (77.2%) 1 1  
 Multiple birth 4 (16.7%) 20 (83.3%) 0.68 (0.23, 1.99) 0.61 (0.17, 2.15)  
Mothers` BMI
 Over weight 47 (18.7%) 205 (81.3%) 1 1  
 Normal weight 168 (22.2%) 589 (77.8%) 1.24 (0.87, 1.78) 1.38 (0.91, 2.11)  
 Under weight 89 (27.0%) 241 (73.0%) 1.61 (1.08, 2.40) 1.64 (1.03, 2.64)* 0.038
Size of child at birth
 Large 90 (20.8%) 343 (79.2%) 1 1  
 Medium 130 (22.5%) 447 (77.5%) 1.11 (0.82, 1.50) 1.19 (0.84, 1.67)  
 Small 84 (25.5%) 245 (74.5%) 1.13 (0.93, 1.84) 1.58 (1.07, 2.31)* 0.021
Present of toilet facility
 Yes 191 (22.4%) 663 (77.6%) 1 1  
 No 113 (23.3%) 372 (76.7%) 1.05 (0.81, 1.37) 1.06 (0.74, 1.53)  
Sex of household head
 Male 211 (23.3%) 696 (76.7%) 1 1  
 Female 93 (21.5%) 339 (78.5%) 0.91 (0.69, 1.19) 0.86 (0.63, 2.16)  
Household wealth index combined
 Poor 229 (22.6%) 786 (77.4%) 1 1  
 Medium 20 (25.6%) 58 (74.4%) 1.18 (0.70, 2.01) 1.17 (0.63, 2.16)  
 Rich 55 (22.4%) 191 (77.6%) 0.99 (0.71, 1.38) 0.93 ()0.51, 1.69  
Number of living children
 1–2 60 (21.4%) 220 (78.6%) 1 1  
 3–4 93 (22.9%) 314 (77.1%) 1.09 (0.75, 1.57) 1.02 (0.66, 1.58)  
  > 4 151 (23.2%) 501 (76.8%) 1.11 (0.79, 1.55) 102 (0.68, 1.55)  
Sources of drinking water
 Improved 67 (27.7%) 175 (72.3%) 1 1  
 Unimproved 237 (21.6%) 860 (78.4%) 1.72 (1.52, 2.99) 1.66 (1.44, 3.98)* 0.041
Anemia level
 Non-anemic 44 (23.9%) 140 (76.1%) 1 1  
 Anemic 209 (25.0%) 626 ()75.0% 1.06 (0.73, 1.54) 1.09 (0.73, 1.61)  
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *significant p value < 0.05
  3. **significant p value < 0.01
  4. ***significant p value < 0.001, 1 = reference