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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of Canadian children (2–18 years) and adults (≥19 years) as Milk & Alternatives consumers and non-consumers1

From: Consumption of Milk and alternatives decreased among Canadians from 2004 to 2015: evidence from the Canadian community health surveys

Characteristic CCHS 2004 CCHS 2015 CCHS 2004 CCHS 2015
Children/teens (2–18 years) Children/teens (2–18 years) Adults (≥19 years) Adults (≥19 years)
Consumers
[n = 6,120,154 (94.2%3)]
Non-consumers
[n = 378,400 (5.8%)]
Consumers
[n = 5,993,085 (92.9%)]
Non-consumers
[n = 454,809 (7.1%)]
Consumers
[n = 20,499,396 (88.3%)]
Non-consumers
[n = 2,723,991 (11.7%)]
Consumers
[n = 23,387,890 (86.4%)]
Non-consumers
[n = 3,677,423 (13.6%)]
Age (y) 10.3 ± 0.03 12.6 ± 0.2* 9.7 ± 0.1 12.5 ± 0.4* 46.6 ± 0.1 45.5 ± 0.6 49.5 ± 0.2 47.9 ± 0.7*
Sex (% male) 51.3 ± 0.5 50.4 ± 3.2 50.2 ± 0.9 50.4 ± 4.0 49.2 ± 0.3 56.1 ± 2.0* 45.8 ± 2.3 54.2 ± 2.3*
Ethnicity (% White) 82.4 ± 0.6 72.5 ± 3.1* 68.1 ± 1.4 59.5 ± 4.5 86.0 ± 0.6 73.1 ± 2.0* 77.0 ± 1.0 62.3 ± 2.6
Education (% university grad) 30.9 ± 0.7 30.7 ± 3.3 44.4 ± 1.2 46.3 ± 4.2 30.5 ± 0.7 29.0 ± 2.0 38.7 ± 1.0 36.8 ± 2.6
Smoker (% yes) 11.0 ± 0.7 13.9 ± 2.4 3.8 ± 0.5 3.1 ± 1.3 24.2 ± 0.6 32.0 ± 1.9* 9.4 ± 2.7 19.1 ± 0.7*
Marital status (% married or co-habiting) n/a n/a n/a n/a 65.1 ± 0.7 59.0 ± 1.9* 64.2 ± 0.9 63.1 ± 2.4
Food secure (% yes) 84.2 ± 0.5 79.5 ± 2.5* 84.3 ± 0.8 80.2 ± 3.6 88.6 ± 0.5 82.7 ± 1.5* 89.1 ± 0.6 85.3 ± 1.7*
BMI (kg/m2) n/a n/a n/a n/a 27.1 ± 0.1 27.2 ± 0.3 27.3 ± 0.1 27.1 ± 0.3
BMI z-score2 0.6 ± 0.02 0.5 ± 0.1 0.44 ± 0.0 0.39 ± 0.2 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Overweight/obese (% yes) 26.4 ± 0.8 25.3 ± 3.5 25.8 ± 1.1 30.5 ± 4.6 59.7 ± 0.9 63.4 ± 2.9 62.2 ± 1.1 59.3 ± 2.8
Urban residence (% yes) 81.1 ± 0.7 82.3 ± 2.7 82.2 ± 1.0 81.6 ± 3.5 82.0 ± 0.7 85.6 ± 1.3* 81.9 ± 0.8 86.5 ± 1.6*
Immigrant to Canada (% yes) 6.3 ± 0.4 10.7 ± 1.9* 8.6 ± 0.6 15.1 ± 2.9* 22.1 ± 0.6 34.9 ± 2.1* 25.7 ± 1.0 38.3 ± 2.6*
  1. 1All data are weighted and bootstrapped to obtain population level estimate. * Significant differences between consumer and non-consumers at 5% level of significance. 2The BMI z-score for children 5-18 years. 3The percentages of Milk & Alternatives consumers and non-consumers in CCHS 2004 and 2015. Values are presented as mean ± SE or % ± SE. CCHS: Canadian Community Health Survey; BMI: Body Mass Index.