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Table 5 Percent contribution of milk and milk alternatives to daily energy and nutrient intakes in 2004 and 2015#

From: Consumption of Milk and alternatives decreased among Canadians from 2004 to 2015: evidence from the Canadian community health surveys

  Plain milk Flavoured milk Cheese Yogurt Fortified soy beverages
CCHS 2004 (n = 20,879,908) CCHS 2015 (n = 18,790,221) CCHS 2004
(n = 890,305)
CCHS 2015 (n = 1,118,649) CCHS 2004 (n = 16,392,316) CCHS 2015 (n = 17,926,472) CCHS 2004 (n = 4,217,387) CCHS 2015 (n = 6,827,004) CCHS 2004 (n = 146,085) CCHS 2015 (n = 506,575)
Energy (%) 7.8 ± 0.1 7.4 ± 0.1 12.2 ± 0.4 12.2 ± 0.4 8.0 ± 0.1 7.8 ± 0.1 6.7 ± 0.2 5.7 ± 0.1 * 4.0 ± 0.5 5.2 ± 0.4
Vitamin D (%) 53.2 ± 0.4 1 49.3 ± 0.5 1* 49.9 ± 1.2 1 49.6 ± 1.2 1 4.9 ± 0.2 6.4 ± 0.3 * 2.6 ± 0.2 16.1 ± 0.6 2* 43.0 ± 4.9 1 37.0 ± 3.2 1
Calcium (%) 36.8 ± 0.3 2 33.4 ± 0.4 3* 35.8 ± 1.0 2 33.6 ± 1.0 2 30.0 ± 0.3 1 29.1 ± 0.4 1 22.2 ± 0.5 1 18.3 ± 0.4 1* 27.6 ± 4.3 2 27.4 ± 2.2 2
Vitamin B12 (%) 32.6 ± 0.3 3 35.4 ± 0.5 2* 32.4 ± 1.1 3 28.6 ± 1.0 4 14.3 ± 0.2 14.8 ± 0.3 21.9 ± 0.6 2 13.7 ± 0.4 3* 25.0 ± 4.2 3 25.2 ± 2.1 3
Vitamin A (%) 28.5 ± 0.3 4 29.0 ± 0.5 4 31.4 ± 1.2 4 30.3 ± 1.0 3 17.7 ± 0.3 5 20.2 ± 0.4 3* 4.8 ± 0.3 5.2 ± 0.2 8.0 ± 1.2 16.0 ± 1.4 4*
Riboflavin (%) 24.1 ± 0.2 5 23.7 ± 0.3 5 26.0 ± 0.8 25.2 ± 0.8 9.6 ± 0.1 9.4 ± 0.2 14.4 ± 0.3 3 11.8 ± 0.3 5* 14.7 ± 1.4 15.9 ± 1.2 5
Phosphorus (%) 21.4 ± 0.2 18.6 ± 0.3* 24.9 ± 0.8 22.7 ± 0.7 18.4 ± 0.2 4 15.8 ± 0.2 5* 13.2 ± 0.3 5 10.3 ± 0.2 * 8.0 ± 0.9 15.1 ± 1.2 *
Potassium (%) 16.4 ± 0.2 14.7 ± 0.2* 20.2 ± 0.6 19.5 ± 0.6 2.6 ± 0.03 2.8 ± 0.1 9.6 ± 0.2 7.8 ± 0.2 * 9.6 ± 1.0 10.5 ± 0.8
Total Sugar (%) 16.0 ± 0.2 15.8 ± 0.3 28.4 ± 1.1 5 26.5 ± 0.9 5 1.7 ± 0.1 1.5 ± 0.1* 13.3 ± 0.5 4 13.7 ± 0.4 4 1.4 ± 0.2 9.7 ± 0.8 *
Saturated Fat (%) 14.9 ± 0.2 14.5 ± 0.3 16.2 ± 0.7 13.4 ± 0.7* 27.7 ± 0.3 2 25.5 ± 0.4 2* 8.5 ± 0.5 7.2 ± 0.3 3.3 ± 0.5 2.9 ± 0.3
Magnesium (%) 14.0 ± 0.1 10.4 ± 0.2 * 16.3 ± 0.5 15.2 ± 0.6 4.5 ± 0.1 4.4 ± 0.1 7.8 ± 0.2 4.8 ± 0.1 * 11.5 ± 1.3 7.7 ± 0.7
Protein (%) 13.8 ± 0.1 12.5 ± 0.2 * 15.3 ± 0.5 13.6 ± 0.5 14.5 ± 0.2 13.0 ± 0.2* 8.4 ± 0.2 8.7 ± 0.2 7.1 ± 0.7 7.5 ± 0.5
Cholesterol (%) 13.3 ± 0.2 12.5 ± 0.3 12.1 ± 0.6 9.6 ± 0.7 19.5 ± 0.3 3 19.5 ± 0.4 4 7.3 ± 0.6 6.9 ± 0.3
Zinc (%) 12.6 ± 0.1 13.0 ± 0.2 15.0 ± 0.6 13.9 ± 0.5 13.0 ± 0.2 13.0 ± 0.2 10.0 ± 0.3 5.6 ± 0.1 * 8.0 ± 0.9 8.7 ± 0.7
Vitamin B6 (%) 8.7 ± 0.1 7.3 ± 0.1 * 10.3 ± 0.4 8.3 ± 0.4* 3.2 ± 0.1 2.6 ± 0.1* 4.7 ± 0.2 2.9 ± 0.1 * 4.7 ± 0.5 5.0 ± 0.4
Total Fat (%) 8.5 ± 0.1 8.3 ± 0.2 9.6 ± 0.5 7.7 ± 0.4* 16.3 ± 0.2 15.5 ± 0.3* 4.7 ± 0.3 4.0 ± 0.1 7.6 ± 1.2 5.6 ± 0.5
Niacin (%) 8.3 ± 0.1 6.7 ± 0.1 * 9.9 ± 0.4 8.0 ± 0.4* 7.4 ± 0.1 8.1 ± 0.2* 2.7 ± 0.1 3.9 ± 0.1 * 5.2 ± 0.6 7.1 ± 0.5
Thiamin (%) 7.9 ± 0.1 6.8 ± 0.1 * 9.3 ± 0.4 9.4 ± 0.5 1.0 ± 0.03 1.0 ± 0.03 4.8 ± 0.2 2.8 ± 0.1 * 17.3 ± 1.2 4 5.5 ± 0.5*
Sodium (%) 6.3 ± 0.1 5.6 ± 0.1 * 8.6 ± 0.4 7.9 ± 0.3 12.9 ± 0.1 13.3 ± 0.2 4.0 ± 0.1 2.8 ± 0.1 * 1.3 ± 0.2 4.4 ± 0.4*
Carbohydrates (%) 6.3 ± 0.1 6.1 ± 0.1 14.1 ± 0.6 15.3 ± 0.5 0.8 ± 0.01 1.0 ± 0.03* 7.7 ± 0.2 6.4 ± 0.2 * 1.8 ± 0.3 4.7 ± 0.4*
MUFA (%) 6.2 ± 0.1 6.8 ± 0.1 * 7.7 ± 0.4 6.3 ± 0.4 12.7 ± 0.2 12.1 ± 0.2 3.8 ± 0.3 3.1 ± 0.1 3.8 ± 0.7 4.3 ± 0.4
Vitamin C (%) 5.8 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 * 6.1 ± 0.4 4.7 ± 0.5 3.6 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.2 * 3.7 ± 0.8
Folate (%) 4.4 ± 0.1 3.8 ± 0.1 * 5.2 ± 0.2 3.7 ± 0.2* 1.6 ± 0.03 2.2 ± 0.1* 3.7 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.1 * 1.4 ± 0.2 8.3 ± 0.6*
PUFA (%) 2.0 ± 0.03 2.2 ± 0.1 2.6 ± 0.1 1.8 ± 0.1* 3.7 ± 0.1 3.6 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1 15.2 ± 2.1 5 13.4 ± 1.1
Iron (%) 1.3 ± 0.01 0.6 ± 0.02 * 7.2 ± 0.3 7.6 ± 0.4 2.3 ± 0.03 1.1 ± 0.02* 1.0 ± 0.04 1.4 ± 0.1 * 8.3 ± 0.7 7.2 ± 0.6
  1. All data are weighted and bootstrapped to obtain population level estimate. * Significant differences between 2004 and 2015 at 5% level of significance. # The numbers (1 to 5) represent the top five nutrients provided by milk and milk alternatives. Values are presented as % ± SE. CCHS: Canadian Community Health Survey; MUFA: Monounsaturated Fatty Acids; PUFA: Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids