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Table 1 Characteristics of the mothers and infants

From: Human Milk output among mothers previously treated for severe acute malnutrition in childhood in Democratic Republic of Congo

Characteristic Exposed (n = 39) Community Control (n = 40) P-value
Infants
 Age, months 5.4 ± 2.3 5.4 ± 2.3 0.96
 Female 43.6% 45.0% 0.90
 Weight, kg 6.7 ± 1.3 6.6 ± 1.4 0.56
 WHZ (mean,SD) 1.04 ± 1.53 0.48 ± 1.80 0.75
 % WHZ < −2,0 0.0% 5.0% 0.49*
 WAZ (mean,SD) −0.67 ± 1.2 0.88 ± 1.2 0.43
 % WAZ < −2,0 12.8% 15.0% 0.52
 HAZ (mean,SD) −1.89 ± 1.6 - 1.47 ± 2.7 0.42
 % HAZ < −2,0 46.2% 37.5% 0.44
Mothers
 Age, years 24.4 ± 5.1 26.0 ± 6.1 0.19
 Weight, kg 55.2 ± 7.5 55.9 ± 7.0 0.69
 Height, cm 152.2 ± 6.3 153.7 ± 5.1 0.24
 MUAC, mm 253.8 ± 26.4 258.9 ± 20.0 0.34
 MUAC < 230 mm 7.7% 10.0% 1.00*
 Height < 150 cm 35.9% 22.5% 0.19
 Height < 145 cm 10.3% 2.5% 0.20*
 Weight < 50 kg 28.2% 10.0% 0.05*
 Weight < 45 kg 2.6% 7.5% 0.61*
Mother’s childhood status (n = 39)
 SAM - with edema (%) 64.1%
 SAM - no edema (%) 35.9%
  1. Data are given as mean ± SD or the proportion of participants (%) unless otherwise noted. SAM = severe acute malnutrition; MUAC = mid-upper arm circumference
  2. * Fischer exact test