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Table 3 Characteristics, body composition, and Human milk output by type of malnutrition in childhood (WHO classification)

From: Human Milk output among mothers previously treated for severe acute malnutrition in childhood in Democratic Republic of Congo

Variable SAM
edema (n = 15)
SAM mixed-type
(n = 10)
SAM
severe wasting (n = 11)
P-value*
Infants
 Age, months 5.3 ± 2.4 4.8 ± 2.1 6.7 ± 1.3 0.66
 Weight, kg 6.9 ± 1.5 6.5 ± 1.0 6.6 ± 1.2 0.71
Mothers
 Age, years 24.5 ± 5.5 26.4 ± 5.7 22.6 ± 3.3 0.27
 Weight, kg 58.1 ± 6.7 54.3 ± 9.4 52.0 ± 5.4 0.11
 Height, cm 152.8 ± 5.5 152.7 ± 7.6 150.6 ± 6.7 0.66
 MUAC, mm 265.1 ± 19.7 247.9 ± 19.4 252.2 ± 15.7 0.06
Body composition
 BMI, kg/m2 24.8 ± 1.8 23.2 ± 3.0 22.9 ± 1.7 0.07
 Body fat, kg 16.7 ± 3.9 13.9 ± 4.8 14.1 ± 3.2 0.15
 Body fat, % 28.7 ± 5.2 25.1 ± 5.6 26.9 ± 4.4 0.23
 Fat-Free mass, kg 41.4 ± 5.2 40.4 ± 5.8 37.9 ± 3.6 0.22
 Fat-Free mass, % 71.3 ± 5.2 74.9 ± 5.6 73.1 ± 4.4 0.23
 Total body water, kg 30.3 ± 3.8 29.6 ± 4.2 27.8 ± 2.7 0.22
 Total body water, % 52.2 ± 3.8 54.7 ± 4.1 53.5 ± 3.2 0.24
Human milk output
 Breast milk output, g/d 881.3 ± 147.7 872.5 ± 156.3 776.7 ± 135.4 0.18
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD
  2. * ANOVA applied to compare the three SAM groups