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Table 3 Socio-demographic predictors of consumption of fruits and vegetables segregated by location of residence

From: Non-attitudinal and non-knowledge based factors constrain households from translating good nutritional knowledge and attitude to achieve the WHO recommended minimum intake level for fruits and vegetables in a developing country setting: evidence from Gulu district, Uganda

  Predictor parameters
Socio-demographic factors Pooled (n = 400) Rural (n = 200) Urban (n = 200)
Β S.E P-value Β S.E P-value Β S.E P-value
Location of the respondent (1 = rural, 0 = urban) −0.232 9.041 0.000       
Sex of the respondent (1 = male, 0 = female), 0.015 24.624 0.756 0.019 31.204 0.787 0.057 39.758 0.447
Age of the respondent (log transformed) (years) 0.135 13.045 0.008 −0.072 16.136 0.331 0.215 23.317 0.003
Marital status of the respondent (1 = married, 0 = otherwise) −0.115 10.675 0.039 −0.138 14.117 0.028 −0.131 16.393 0.105
Major occupation of the household head (1 = farm-based, 0 = non-farm based) −0.086 10.659 0.076 −0.195 12.539 0.004 0.089 19.560 0.237
Education level of the respondent (log transformed) (years) 0.280 6.830 0.000 0.268 9.240 0.001 0.280 10.260 0.000
Attendance of health education by the respondent (1 = yes, 0 = no) −0.086 8.995 0.079 −0.188 12.222 0.007 0.020 13.519 0.782
Attendanceof nutrition training (1 = Yes,0 = no) 0.193 10.922 0.000 0.298 14.645 0.000 0.107 16.182 0.140
Household size (log transformed) (numbers) −0.135 6.741 0.004 −0.094 8.613 0.149 −0.206 10.816 0.003
Main source of household income (1 = farm-based, 0 = non-farm based) 0.168 9.802 0.001 0.197 11.701 0.004 0.070 18.074 0.346
Woman decides on how family income is used (1 = Yes, 0 = No) −0.081 11.329 0.158 −0.074 14.712 0.376 −0.097 17.538 0.206
Woman decides on type of food eaten in the household (1 = Yes, 0 = others) −0.039 10.483 0.435 −0.049 15.1780 0.499 −0.064 14.645 0.369
Constant 107.189 58.879 0.0069 176.120 72.725 0.016 −55.598 98.420 0.573
F value 9.47    6.41    3.96   
P > f 0.0000    0.0000    0.0000   
R-squared 0.2265    0.2729    0.1874   
Adjusted R-squared 0.2026    0.2304    0.1401   
  1. B Stadardized coefficient, SE Standard error