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Table 5 Non- attitudinal and non- knowledge-based factors that hinder consumption of fruits and vegetables

From: Non-attitudinal and non-knowledge based factors constrain households from translating good nutritional knowledge and attitude to achieve the WHO recommended minimum intake level for fruits and vegetables in a developing country setting: evidence from Gulu district, Uganda

Factor

Description

Respondents’ location

Rural

Urban

Limited budget

Households are unable to purchaseexpensivelyFV from the market during off-season due to lack of financial resources

Pest and diseases

Pests and disease pressure is too high and impacts heavily on the yield of FV because the existing varieties are not resistant

Unpalatability

Some vegetables have unpleasant taste hence they are not liked by children and teenagers

Allergic disorders

Some FV cause allergic disorders to some people so they can not be consumed

X

Distance to markets

Remote markets discourage households from accessing FV due to long distances

Seasonality

Some FV are not available throughout the year especially during the dry season

Unfavourable environmental policies

Existance of policies that prevent utilization of wet land in dry season hinder vegetable production during this period of the year

X

Disturbance by animals

Unrestricted movement of animals especially during the dry season leads to destruction of vegetable crops

X

Unvailability

Certain FV are unavailable in the nearby markets even during on season

X

Occurrence of hailstorms

Destruction that occurs due to hail storms action results into reduced amount of FV produced

X

Stigma

The notion that regular consumption of FV is associated with poverty makes households try as much to reduce their consumption

Land allocation prioritization

Most land is allocated to cash crops such as soybean andmaize at the expense of FV

Lack of preservation technologies

Preservation of fresh FV hardly takes place due to lack of cold chain technologies and high electricity costs

X

Bad weather

Prolonged dry spells lead to reduction in quantity of FV. In addition, heavy rains destroy crops. Heavy rais are also associated with high incidences of FV diseases

X

Medical conditions

Presence of disease conditions, e.g., ulcers that prevent some people from consuming certain FV

X

Environmental limitations

Peculiar environmental requirements can not allow production of certain types of FV

X