Skip to main content

Table 2 Socio-demographic and economic characteristics of pregnant women in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia, 2020

From: Effect of under-nutrition during pregnancy on low birth weight in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia; a prospective cohort study

Variables Exposed group n = 245(%) Unexposed group n = 255(%) Chi-square test, P-value
Age of the pregnant women 19–24 years 71 (29%) 53 (20.8%) 0.13
25–29 years 56 (22.9%) 68 (26.7%)
30–35 years 80 (32.7%) 109 (42.7%)
Above 35 years 38 (15.5%) 25 (9.8%)
Educational status of pregnant women Illiterate 84 (34.3%) 43 (16.9%) 0.001
Elementary (1–8 grades) 60 (24.5%) 65 (25.5%)
High school (9–10 grades) 57 (23.3%) 71 (27.8%)
Above high school 44 (18%) 76 (29.8%)
Educational status of husbands Illiterate 46 (19.7%) 26 (11.2%) 0.11
Elementary (1–8 grades) 86 (36.9%) 57 (24.5%)
High school (9–10 grades) 51 (21.9% 66 (28.3%)
Above high school 50 (21.5%) 84 (36.1%)
Occupation of pregnant women Civil servant 15 (6.1%) 94 (38.5%) 0.09
Daily worker/waitress/farmer 39 (15.9%) 11 (4.5%)
Own business 65 (26.5%) 13 (5.3%)
Housewife 126 (51.4%) 126 (51.6%)
Occupation of husbands Civil servant 72 (30.9%) 119 (51.1%) 0.21
Own business 135 (57.9%) 92 (39.5%)
Daily worker/waitress/farmer 26 (11.2%) 22 (9.4%)
Monthly income < 50 US Dollar 78 (31.8%) 44 (17.3%) 0.001
50–167 US Dollar 75 (30.6%) 106 (41.6%)
> 167 US Dollar 92 (37.6%) 105 (41.2%)