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Table 3 Factors associated with inadequate dietary folate consumptiona among women of reproductive age in Kersa, eastern Ethiopia, 2019

From: Consumption of dietary folate estimates and its implication for reproductive outcome among women of reproductive age in Kersa: cross-sectional survey

  Inadequate Folate N (%) CPR 95% CI P-value APR 95% CI P-value
Age
 16–25 190 (70.9) 0.88 0.80–0.97 0.01 0.89 0.80–0.97 0.01**
 25–35 464 (72.4) 0.91 0.84–0.98 0.02 0.96 0.89–1.02 0.20
  ≥ 36 184 (80.4) ref    ref   
Employment type
 Full-time 547 (71.5) ref    ref   
 Part-time 62 (61.4) 0.86 0.73–1.01 0.3 0.93 0.80–.1.07 0.30
 Seasonal 229 (85.5) 1.19 1.12–1.28 0.000 1.12 1.06–1.20 < 0.001**
BMI
 Underweight 149 (79.3) 1.08 0.99–1.17 0.40 1.03 0.96–1.11 0.4
 Normal 640 (73.6) ref ref   ref ref  
 Overweight 49 (64.5) 0.88 0.74–1.04 0.58 0.97 0.84–1.11 0.6
Wealth Index
 Poor 513 (80.5) 1.39 1.24–1.57 0.01 1.14 1.03–1.26 0.01**
 Middle 191 (72.1) 1.25 1.09–1.43 0.000 1.20 1.06–1.35 < 0.001**
 Rich 134 (57.8) ref ref   ref ref  
 Number of previous pregnancies # 4.54 (2.44) 1.02 1.00–1.03 0.03 0.99 0.98–1.01 0.7
Dietary Diversity
 Optimum 180 (44.9) ref ref   ref ref  
 Low 658 (89.8) 2.00 1.79–2.23 0.000 1.94 1.73–2.18 < 0.001**
Food source
 Household 622 (72.8) ref ref   ref ref  
 Market 216 (77.1) 1.06 0.98–1.14 0.2 1.07 1.01–1.15 0.04**
  1. afolate intake of < 250 μg/day
  2. # mean (SD)
  3. ** significant at p = 0.05
  4. CPR Crude Prevalence Ratio, APR Adjusted Prevalence Ratio