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Table 4 Association between metabolic syndrome components and vitamin D levels in linear regression models: the CASPIAN-V study

From: Association of vitamin D status and cardio-metabolic risk factors in children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-V study

  Vitamin D status
Deficient1 Insufficient1
β SE P-value β SE P-value
WC Model 1 3.51 0.87 < 0.001 1.06 0.54 0.05
Model 2 3.44 0.75 < 0.001 1.17 0.47 0.01
Model 3 3.32 0.81 < 0.001 1.16 0.50 0.02
SBP Model 1 0.12 0.91 0.89 0.15 0.57 0.78
Model 2 0.08 0.85 0.92 0.22 0.53 0.66
Model 3 0.45 0.89 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.29
DBP Model 1 −0.23 0.71 0.74 −0.62 0.45 0.16
Model 2 −0.25 0.68 0.70 −0.55 0.43 0.20
Model 3 −0.00 0.72 0.99 −0.34 0.45 0.44
HDL-C Model 1 −3.32 0.70 < 0.001 −3.01 0.44 < 0.001
Model 2 −3.36 0.70 < 0.001 −3.06 0.44 < 0.001
Model 3 −3.74 0.75 < 0.001 −2.96 0.46 < 0.001
TG Model 1 10.15 3.30 < 0.001 −0.70 2.07 0.73
Model 2 9.96 3.30 < 0.001 −0.59 2.07 0.77
Model 3 9.39 3.42 < 0.001 −0.44 2.12 0.83
FBG Model 1 0.91 0.88 0.30 −0.14 0.55 0.79
Model 2 0.89 0.88 0.30 −0.18 0.55 0.74
Model 3 0.94 0.96 0.32 −0.32 0.59 0.58
  1. 1In all model sufficient is reference group
  2. Model 1: crude model: Model 2: Adjusted for age, sex and living area; Model 3: additionally adjusted to SES; PA and ST SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, FBS Fasting blood sugar, TG Triglycerides, HDL High density cholesterol, WC Waist circumference