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Table 3 Mean (±SD) neonatal measures by tertiles of maternal anthropometric indicators

From: Compromised maternal nutritional status in early pregnancy and its relation to the birth size in young rural Indian mothers

Indicators Tertiles (value) N Birth weight(g) Birth length (cm) %LBW % Stunting  
Weight (kg) Lower (< 42.26) 65 2391 ± 463 43.64 ± 3.7 44.6 64.6  
Middle (42.26–48.73) 72 2706 ± 440 45.77 ± 4 20.8 31.9  
Higher (> 48.73) 67 2855 ± 510 46.66 ± 4 17.9 19.4  
p trend   < 0.001** < 0.001** 0.001** < 0.001**  
Height (cm) Lower (< 150.10) 68 2506 ± 462 44.20 ± 4 34.8 53  
Middle (150.10–155.40) 66 2674 ± 521 45.94 ± 4 29.4 29.4  
Higher (> 155.40) 70 2777 ± 504 45.96 ± 4.1 18.6 32.9  
p trend   0.002* 0.013* NS 0.010**  
BMI (kg/m2) Lower (< 18.5) 69 2466 ± 415 44.20 ± 3.4 39.1 58
Middle (18.5–20.69) 68 2655 ± 518 45.25 ± 4.4 26.5 36.8
High (> 20.69) 67 2849 ± 513 46.74 ± 4.1 16.4 19.4
p trend   < 0.001** < 0.001** 0.012** < 0.001**
BF % Lower (< 22.73) 66 2414 ± 497 44.07 ± 4.1 47.8 56.7
Middle (22.73–27.86) 67 2671 ± 433 45.15 ± 4 19.7 37.9
Higher (> 27.86) 71 2867 ± 486 46.83 ± 3.8 15.5 21.1
p trend   < 0.001** < 0.001** < 0.001** < 0.001**
SHT (cm) Lower (< 70) 64 2522 ± 529 44.72 ± 4.4 42.2 45.3
Middle (70–75.43) 68 2700 ± 525 45.20 ± 4.3 23.5 39.7
Higher (> 75.43) 74 2730 ± 450 46.14 ± 3.5 18.1 30.6
p trend   0.018** < 0.001** 0.005** NS
HC (cm) Lower (< 52.16) 71 2410 ± 421 43.73 ± 3.9 43.7 60.6
Middle (52.16–53.2) 58 2719 ± 548 45.88 ± 3.9 19 29.3
Higher (> 53.2) 75 2837 ± 517 46.56 ± 3.9 18 24
p trend   < 0.001** < 0.001** 0.001** < 0.001**
  1. One way ANOVA; *p value < 0.05; **p value < 0.01
  2. BMI Body Mass Index, BF% Body fat %, SHT Sitting height, HC Head circumference