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Table 2 Neuropsychological test scores

From: Bilberry/red grape juice decreases plasma biomarkers of inflammation and tissue damage in aged men with subjective memory impairment –a randomized clinical trial

  Bilberry/red grape juice (n = 30) Placebo juice (n = 30)  
  Baseline Post intervention Baseline Post intervention pMW (change)
CANTAB
DMS
  Total correct (all delays) 12.0 (12.0–13.0) 12.0 (11.0–13.0) 12 (12.0–13.0) 12.5 (11.0–13.0) 0.71
  Total correct (4000 ms delay) 4.0 (4.0–5.0) 4.0 (4.0–5.0) 4.0 (4.0–5.0) 4.0 (4.0–5.0) 0.76
  Mean correct latency (all delays) 3938 (3086–4367) 3486 (3193–4465) 4225 (3729–4715) 4134 (3692–4469) 0.29
PAL
  First trial memory score (n out of 22) 11.5 (10.0–13.0) 10.0 (10.0–13.0) 11.0 (10.0–14.0) 11.0 (10.0–14.0) 0.24
  Mean trials to success (n out of 10) 2.6 (2.4–3.2) 3.0 (2.8–4.0) 2.4 (2.0–2.8) 2.4 (2.2–2.8) 0.16
  Total errors (n adjusted) 25.0 (18.0–34.0) 31.5 (22.0–40.0) 19.5 (13.0–25.0) 23.5 (18.0–32.0) 0.36
  Total errors (6 shapes, n adjusted)a 8.0 (7.0–11.0) 6.0 (4.0–9.0) 5.5 (4.0–9.0) 6.0 (6.0–11.0) 0.15
  Total errors (8 shapes, n adjusted) b 13.5 (9.0–20.0) 21.5 (16.0–29.0) 11.0 (9.0–16.0) 16.0 (15.0–24.0) 0.50
PRM
  Number correct (n) 22.0 (21.0–23.0) 21.5 (21.0–23.0) 21.0 (21.0–22.0) 21.0 (20.0–23.0) 0.47
Mean correct latency (ms) 2358 (2068–2609) 2305 (2090–2834) 2573 (2365–2708) 2302 (2050–2667) 0.15
SRM
  Number correct (n) 14.0 (14.0–16.0) 14.5 (13.0–16.0) 16.0 (16.0–18.0) 16.0 (16.0–18.0) 0.77
 Mean correct latency 2538 (2266–2833) 2498.8 (2156–2855) 2416 (2234–2770) 2313 (1963–2504) 0.17
PEGS
  dominant hand (ms to accomplish test) 120.0 (95.4–140.4) 104.2 (89.9–126.0) 117.1 (98.2–127.2) 116.2 (96.5–126.1) 0.41
  nondominant hand (ms to accomplish test) 124.2 (93.3–136.4) 116.6 (93.8–136.2) 113.4 (100.2–133.7) 107.2 (95.9–127.5) 0.52
  1. Median baseline and post-intervention are given with corresponding 95%CL (lower, upper) separately for each group. pMW(change) was obtained comparing the groups with regards to change using Mann Whitney test. No significant differences were found between the groups. DMS total correct = n of correct responses. Mean correct latency = ms to response. CANTAB Cambridge Cognition Test Battery, DMS Delayed Matching to Sample, PAL Paired Associates Learning, PRM Pattern Recognition Memory and SRM Spatial Recognition Memory, PEGS Grooved Pegboard Test. Adjusted; corrected for stages that were not accomplished. a all tests wrong result = max score of 60, ball tests wrong result = max score of 80