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Table 3 Effect of socio-economic and demographic factors on nutritional status of children in India and Bangladesh using binary logistic regression

From: Nutritional and immunization status of under-five children of India and Bangladesh

  Stunting Underweight
Socio-economic and demo variable India Bangladesh India Bangladesh
AOR, 95% CI
of AOR
(Lower-Upper)
AOR, 95% CI
of AOR
(Lower-Upper)
AOR, 95% CI
of AOR
(Lower-Upper)
AOR, 95% CI
of AOR
(Lower-Upper)
Educational attainment (Up to primary level®)
 Secondary education 1.518 (1.446–1.594)** 1.379 (1.235–1.540)** 1.582 (1.505–1.662)** 1.395 (1.238–1.572)**
 Higher sec. and above 2.458 (2.232–2.708)** 2.781 (2.3001–3.362)** 2.744 (2.479–3.037)** 2.708 (2.187–3.352)**
Occupation (Not working®)
 Profession 1.002 (0.829–1.211) 1.039 (0.661–1.634) 1.094 (0.892–1.342) 0.819 (0.512–1.312)
 Sales 0.824 (0.662–1.026) 1.404 (0.817–2.413) 0.943 (0.748–1.190) 1.518 (0.810–2.843)
 Agriculture 0.907 (0.850–0.967)** 0.955 (0.852–1.071) 0.914 (0.857–0.976)** 1.066 (0.940–1.208)
 Service 0.887 (0.764–1.029) 0.767 (0.590–0.997)* 1.017 (0.871–1.187) 0.750 (0.568–0.989)*
 Other work 0.920 (0.832–1.017) 0.842 (0.694–1.021) 1.193 (1.135–1.253)** 0.880 (0.714–1.083)
Number of children (More than 2®)
 1 to 2 1.265 (1.205–1.327)** 1.111 (0.994–1.241) 0.996 (0.940–1.056) 1.180 (1.048–1.329)**
Residence (Rural®)
 Urban 1.086 (1.026–1.149)** 1.118 (0.997–1.253) 0.996 (0.940–1.056) 1.086 (0.958–1.231)
Religion (Hindu®)
 Muslim 1.123 (1.056–1.194)** 1.013 (0.843–1.217) 1.383 (1.299–1.473)** 1.055 (0.864–1.289)
 Others 1.379 (1.282–1.483)** 0.950 (0.494–1.825) 2.069 (1.911–2.239)** 0.978 (0.480–1.994)
Wealth Index (Poor®)
 Non-poor 1.399 (1.326–1.476)** 1.512 (1.351–1.691)** 2.069 (1.911–2.239)** 1.404 (1.242–1.586)**
  1. ® Reference category, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05; Source: Data Extracted from NFHS 4, 2015–2016. Dependent variable = nutritional status (0 = stunted/underweight, 1 = normal)