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Table 3 Weigth gains and catch-up growth at the last visit or at 6 months of follow-up for malnourished children, compared with main characteristics, WADANUT study, 2014-2016, N=92

From: Assessment of dietary diversity and nutritional support for children living with HIV in the IeDEA pediatric West African cohort: a non-comparative, feasibility study

  FBF RUTF
WHZ/BAZ gains, mean Z-score (sd) WAZ gains, mean Z-score (sd) Not malnourished Malnourished p-value* WHZ/BAZ gains, mean Z-score (sd) WAZ gains, mean Z-score (sd) Not malnourished Malnourished p-value
N % N % N % N %
Overall 0.37 (0.72) 0.38 (0.77) 31.0 49.2 32 50.8   1.15 (1.69) 0.97 (1.24) 9 31.0 20 69.0  
Age groups        0.613        0.772
 0-2 years 0.17 (2.13) 0.29 (1.85) 2 6.5 1 3.1   1.69 (2.22) 1.46 (1.65) 3 33.3 8 40.0  
 2-10 years 0.38 (0.62) 0.38 (0.70) 29 93.5 31 96.9   0.82 (1.22) 0.65 (0.78) 6 66.7 12 60.0  
Sex        0.701        0.109
 Girls 0.45 (0.67) 0.27 (0.59) 17 54.8 16 50.0   0.58 (1.30) 0.52 (1.15) 2 22.2 12 60.0  
 Boys 0.29 (0.76) 0.49 (0.92) 14 45.2 16 50.0   1.67 (1.88) 1.36 (1.22) 7 77.8 8 40.0  
Country        0.013        0.712
 Benin 0.21 (0.76) 0.33 (0.62) 5 16.1 11 34.4   1.09 (1.12) 0.94 (0.84) 3 33.3 8 40.0  
 Ivory Coast 0.50 (0.76) 0.35 (0.56) 23 74.2 12 37.5   1.18 (1.99) 0.99 (1.44) 6 66.7 10 50.0  
 Togo 0.18 (0.41) 0.51 (1.29) 3 9.7 9 28.1   1.25 (2.74) 0.93 (2.02) 0 0.0 2 10.0  
Immunodeficiency by agea        0.423        0.599
 No 0.42 (0.59) 0.42 (0.82) 20 64.5 16 50.0   0.78 (1.27) 0.61 (0.81) 3 33.3 4 20.0  
 Moderate -0.88 (1.37) -1.61 (-) 1 3.2 1 3.1   1.30 (2.20) 1.19 (1.62) 2 22.2 3 15.0  
 Severe 0.42 (0.59) 0.58 (0.69) 7 22.6 7 21.9   1.40 (1.91) 1.14 (1.36) 3 33.3 10 50.0  
 Missing 0.16 (0.33) 0.19 (0.33) 3 9.7 8 25.0   0.90 (1.50) 0.76 (1.18) 2 22.2 3 15.0  
Stunting        0.030        0.158
 Yes (HAZ<-2 SD) 0.17 (0.63) 0.34 (0.89) 15 48.4 24 75.0   1.02 (1.88) 1.01 (1.40) 5 55.6 17 85.0  
 No (HAZ≥-2 SD) 0.69 (0.75) 0.43 (0.51) 16 51.6 8 25.0   1.53 (0.89) 0.84 (0.58) 4 44.4 3 15.0  
  1. WAZ Weight-for-Age Z-score, WHZ/BAZ Weight-for-Height/BMI-for-Age Z-score, HAZ Height-for-Age Z-score
  2. Fortified Blended Flours group, RUTF Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food group
  3. Not malnourished = WAZ and WHZ/BAZ Z-scores ≥-2 SD
  4. * Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test
  5. a WHO guidelines 2006