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Table 3 Factors associated with dietary practice among pregnant women in Haramaya district, eastern Ethiopia, 2021

From: Prevalence and determinants of dietary practices among pregnant women in eastern Ethiopia

Variables Dietary Practice CPR (95%CI) APR (95%CI) P-value
Appropriate
(n = 68)
Inappropriate
(n = 380)
Educational Level of Husband
 Illiterate 33 (48.53) 287 (75.53) 1 1  
 Elementary School 26 (38) 76 (20.00) 2.47 (1.554, 3.929) 1.99 (1.214, 3.280) 0.006*
 High school and above 9 (13.24) 17 (4.47) 3.37 (1.806, 6.239) 1.92 (1.063, 3.460)
Occupational status of Women
 Housewives 61 (89.71) 372 (97.89) 1 1  
 Merchants 7 (10.29) 8 (2.11) 3.31 (1.837, 5.973) 2.07 (1.071, 4.016) 0.030*
ANC visit
 No 17 (25.00) 147 (38.6) 1 1  
 Yes 51 (75.00) 233 (61.32) 1.73 (1.035, 2.898) 1.36 (0.776,2.394) 0.281
Perceived Venerability
 No 18 (26.47 (67 (17.63) 1 1  
 yes 50 (73.53) 313 (82.37) 1.54 (0.947, 2.496) 0.82 (0.469 1.428 0.481
Perceived severity
 No 47 (69.12) 313 (82.37) 1 1  
 Yes 21 (30.88) 67 (17.63) 1.83 (1.155, 2.892) 1.31 (0.747 2.303) 0.346
Perceived Benefit
 No 39 (57.35) 288 (75.79) 1 1  
 Yes 29 (42.65) 92 (24.21) 2.01 (1.302, 3.099) 1.39 (0.811, 2.412) 0.228
Chat chewing
 No 38 (55.88) 142 (37.37) 1 1  
 Yes 30 (44.12) 238 (62.63) 0.53 (0.341, 0.824) 0.58 (0.370, 0.901) 0.016
Drinking water
 Protected 42 (61.76) 156 (41.05) 1 1  
 Unprotected 26 (38.24) 224 (58.95) 0.49 (0.312,0.771) 0.61 (0.350, 1.048) 0.073
Food restriction
 No 53 (77.94) 246 (64.74)    
 Yes 15 (22.06 134 (35.26) 0.57 (0.331, 0.974) 0.36 (0.200, 0.651) 0.001**
Food aversion (Strong disliked of foods)
 No 47 (69.12) 267 (70.26) 1 1  
 yes 21 (30.88) 113 (29.74) 0.96 (0.594, 1.533) 0.99 (0.631, 1.554) 0.967
  1. Appropriate dietary practice: is defined as the consumption of at least four meals daily, high DDS, high FVS and high ASF; otherwise, Inappropriate dietary practice
  2. Drinking water sources: ‘Protected’ if tap/hand pump and not otherwise Elementary school: Grade 1–8
  3. CPR Crude Prevalence Ration, APR Adjusted Prevalence Ratio, CI Confidence Interval at 95%
  4. CPR: was obtained from bi-variate of Poisson regression analysis model with robust variance estimate
  5. APR, CI and P-Value were found from multivariable Poisson regression analysis model with robust variance estimate.
  6. ** statistically significant at p-value < 0.001, * statistically significant at p-value < 0.05