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Table 2 Prevalence of anemia among preschool children across different factors, Ethiopia

From: Risk factors of anemia among preschool children in Ethiopia: a Bayesian geo-statistical model

Factors Prevalence of anemia with 95% confidence interval
Age in months
 6–11 77.1 (72.5–81.2)
 12–23 69.2 (65.7–72.5)
 24–35 59.0 (54.5–63.2)
 36–47 50.9 (46.9–54.9)
 48–59 40.0 (36.2–43.9)
Sex
 Female 56.6 (53.8–59.3)
 Male 57.2 (54.1–60.3)
Region
 Tigray 53.6 (49.0–58.1)
 Afar 74.8 (70.4–78.6)
 Amhara 42.2 (37.9–46.5)
 Oromiya 65.5 (61.0–69.6)
 Somali 82.9 (79.6–85.8)
 Benishangul-Gumuz 42.5 (37.6–47.6)
 SNNPR 50.0 (45.0–54.9)
 Gambela 56.2 (47.8–64.2)
 Harari 67.9 (63.1–72.3)
  Addis Ababa 49.2 (43.4–55.0)
  Dire Dawa 71.5 (66.0–76.5)
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 67.8 (62.9–72.2)
 Poor 57.6 (53.5–61.7)
 Middle 52.6 (48.3–56.8)
 Rich 54.0 (49.9–58.0)
 Richest 47.9 (43.6–52.3)
Mothers’ education
 No education 58.5 (55.5–61.5)
 Primary education 56.8 (53.3–60.3)
 Secondary education 48.6 (41.7–55.6)
 Higher Education 51.5 (40.2–58.1)
Place of Residence
 Rural 57.8 (55.1–60.5)
 Urban 49.3 (43.5–53.1)
Stunting
 Severely stunted 65.3 (60.9–69.4)
 Stunted 57.0 (52.8–61.1)
 Not stunted 53.7 (51.1–56.3)
Wasting
 Severely wasted 72.0 (61.4–80.6)
 Wasted 66.0 (59.4–72.0)
 Not wasted 55.6 (53.3–58.2)
Maternal BMI
  < 18.5 60.5 (56.7–64.1)
 18.5–24.9 56.6 (53.7–59.4)
 25–29.9 53.7 (46.9–60.3)
  > =30 53.8 (47.2–60.2)
Maternal anemia
 Anemic 68.9 (65.7–71.8)
 Not anemic 52.3 (49.6–55.0)
Flesh food (Meat, poultry liver)
 No 63.6 (60.9–66.2)
 Yes 62.4 (55.1–69.1)
Child ate Milk or dairy
 No 62.1 (59.1–65.0)
 Yes 67.0 (62.8–70.7)
Child ate vegetables or fruits
 No 64.2 (61.1–67.1)
 Yes 61.0 (55.9–65.8)
Child morbidity
 No 55.7 (52.8–58.5)
 Yes 60.1 (60–63.2)
Improved water source
 No 57.8 (53.5–58.9)
 Yes 56.3 (53.8–61.7)
Latrine
 No 57.1 (54.5–59.8)
 Yes 55.2 (50.4–59.9)
Four or more Antenatal care
 No 60.6 (57.2–63.9)
 Yes 58.9 (55.4–62.4)
Mother Received iron during pregnancy
 No 62.4 (58.6–66.0)
 Yes 56.8 (53.8–59.8)
Number of births in the last 5 years
 1 52.9 (50.0–55.7)
 2 60.8 (57.8–63.8)
 3 61.0 (54.6–67.1)
 4 70.1 (63.7–75.7)